Ashcan Artists (The Eight)


(above: Ashcan School artists and friends at John Sloan's Philadelphia Studio, 1898)



This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Ashcan Artists (The Eight)." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.

After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.

We recommend that readers search within the TFAO website to find detailed information for any topic. Please see our page How to research topics not listed for more information.

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Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order:

for George Bellows:

for Arthur Davies:

for William Glackens:

Robert Henri:

and this video:

for Rockwell Kent

for Walt Kuhn:

for George Luks

for Maurice Prendergast:

for John Sloan:

for Eugene Speicher:


See this online video:


Also from the Web:

The Ashcan School - New York City, 1908 to C.1913, from Accessed July, 2015

"The Ashcan School" by H. Barbara Weinberg, Department of American Paintings and Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed July, 2015

Ashcan School from Art Story Foundation. Accessed July, 2015

The Ashcan School from Wikipedia. Accessed July, 2015

George Bellows, an exhibit held November 15, 2012 - February 18, 2013 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed February, 2015.

George Bellows, an exhibit held June 10 - October 8, 2012 at the National Gallery of Art. Includes two-part online film and audio from symposium. Accessed March, 2015.

George Bellows: A Ringside Seat, an exhibit held September 5 - December 10, 2006 at the Mead Art Museum. Accessed February, 2015

"Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York" from Mario Naves. Accessed July, 2015

"New York City and the Ashcan school - American art movement," Nov, 1995 by Virginia M. Mecklenburg from Magazine Antiques. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Notes on the Ethnic Image in Ashcan School Paintings by Maggie Stenz, from Accessed July, 2015

Toledo Museum of Art provides several online catalogues free of charge. An example is George Bellows and New York 1900-1930, published in conjunction with a 2013 exhibition. TMA notes that all works are from its collection. Accessed April, 2015

The Virtual Armory Show from the University of Virginia American Studies Program. Accessed July, 2015



Google announced in 2004 a collaboration with institutional libraries to digitize large quantities of books: the Google Books Library Project. Public domain books are available on a full view open access basis. Copyrighted material is treated in one of three ways. Google negotiates with cooperating publishers through its Google Books Partner Program for "Limited Preview" of entire pages or sections within books by readers. For scanned books without copyright permissions, "snippets" are available. For remaining books basic information is provided without ability to search within the book. The snippets inform readers about the relevance of the book to their subject of inquiry.

A Google Book Search conducted April 26, 2008 located 651 books featuring either full view or Limited Preview with the search phrase "Ashcan artists." Books with "Limited Preview" include:

Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York, By Rebecca Zurier, Robert W. Snyder, Virginia M. Mecklenburg, National Museum of American Art (U.S.), Published 1995 by W. W. Norton & Company, New York (N.Y.). 232 pages. ISBN:0393039013. Google Books says: "Showcases the exhibition" Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here.(right: front cover, Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York, image courtesy Google Books)


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