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Salmagundi Club: An American
January 25 - March 20, 2005
The Salmagundi Club,
founded in 1871, is one of the oldest art organizations in America. Their
beginning was rather modest; in 1871 a small
group of professional artists would gather on Saturday evenings in the studio
of J. Scott Hartley, a renowned sculptor and son-in-law of George Inness.
Their time would be spent critiquing each other's work, painting, sketching
and socializing. The group began to attract interest in the art community
and by 1880 the group was so well established they decided to incorporate.
Mr. Hartley suggested that the new club be named The Salmagundi Sketch
Club. The name was inspired by Washington Irving's celebrated papers
where in "Salmagundi" was referred to as a stew of many ingredients.
The club became an important venue in New York City for art exhibitions.
This exhibition is a survey of the club's history. (right: Frank
Desch (1873-1934), Reflections, c. 1919, oil, 36 x 30 inches)
The Club became an important center for American art and
takes great pride in its roster of members which include the renowned artists,
George Inness, Howard Chandler Christy, Robert Frederick Blum, William Merritt
Chase, Emil Carlsen, Hugh Bolton Jones, Dean Cornwell, Gari Melchers, John
Francis Murphy, Frank H. Desch, Guy Wiggins, Childe Hassam, N.C. Wyeth,
Louis Comfort Tiffany and many others, as well known lay members, (non-artists)
John Philip Sousa, Stanford White and Tony Pastor to name a few.
In 1894 to raise money for the growing club's library,
artist members were invited to decorate ceramic mugs, which were then fired
by Charles Volkmar, the club potter. The club would host a dinner followed
by an auction of the finished mugs. For many members, the book collection
became an invaluable source and today the library continues to be accessible
to Salmagundi members. Over the years, many decorated mugs have been returned
to the club and are on exhibit in the library along with the largest collection
of artists' used palettes in America.
In 1917, with the support of its members, a Fifth Avenue
brownstone was purchased and became their permanent home. The club became
the center of artistic activity in the Village for many decades. One can
imagine William Merritt Chase and Robert Blum exchanging ideas over a meal
in the Club's Dining Room or perhaps participating in the many events at
the club which includes exhibitions by club members, fund raising auctions,
non-members exhibitions juried by members, holiday parties, lectures and
debates. The Salmagundi Club has always reflected the diversity of the art
community. Today, the Salmagundi Club has a membership of over 600, many
who continue to gather at the club. The lovely brownstone house has been
delegated and protected as an historical landmark by New York's Landmarks
Preservation Commission and in 1957 was cited for its architectural distinction
by both the Society of Architectural Historians and the Municipal Art Society.
It is a fitting home for the oldest art club in America. The club collection
is a testament to all the members past and present that were, and are, proudly
associated with an institution, which was destined to make history in the
art world. 
The showing in Dubuque, Iowa is part of a 11 city national
tour over a two and a half year period containing sixty-seven (67) works
representing the club's membership, artists' used palettes, hand decorated
mugs, photo murals and the coveted Salmagundi Club medal. The tour was developed
and managed by Smith Kramer Fine Art
Services, an exhibition tour development company in Kansas City, Missouri.
The remaining tour schedule is:
- Huntsville Museum of Art
- Huntsville, Alabama: April 10, 2005 through June 5, 2005
- Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art
- Shawnee, Oklahoma: June 26, 2005 through August 21, 2005
- Bradford Brinton Memorial and Museum
- Big Horn, Wyoming: September 11, 2005 through January
- Morris Museum of Art
- Augusta, Georgia: January 22, 2006 through April 9, 2006
- Huntington Museum of Art
- Huntington, West Virginia: April 30, 2006 through June
- Museum of Texas Tech University
- Lubbock, Texas: July 23, 2006 through September 17, 2006
- Philip and Muriel Berman Museum of Art
- Collegeville, Pennsylvania: October 1, 2006 through November
- Muskegon Museum of Art
- Muskegon, Michigan: December 17, 2006 through February
- Bergstrom-Mahler Museum
- Neenah, Wisconsin: March 4, 2007 through April 29, 2007
List of artists and their works in the national tour:
- Junius Allen (1898-1962)
- Winter Landscape, c.
- Junius Allen was born in Summit, New Jersey. His art
education was from the New York School of Fine and Applied Arts and the
National Academy of Design. He was a pupil of George Elmer Brown, Charles
Hawthorne and George W. Maynard. He became a member of the National Academy
of Design and Allied Artists of America and garnered many awards throughout
his professional career. Some of his work can be viewed today at the Metropolitan
Museum of Art, New York, New York and Montclair Art Museum, Montclair,
New Jersey. He also exhibited at the 1939 New York World's Fair.
- M. H. Bancroft (1867-1947)
- Portrait of J. Scott Hartley, 1904
- Bancroft was born in Newton, Massachusetts and studied
at the Massachusetts Normal Art School, Academy Julien, Paris and Academy
Colarossi, Paris. His specialty was portraits and murals. He taught at
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and Mechanics Institute. Among the venues
for his exhibitions are the Corcoran Gallery of Art and the Art Institute
of Chicago. Bancroft died in Sandy Spring, Maryland.
- Carle Johann Blenner (1864-1952)
- Portrait of a Lady, c. 1920
- Born in Richmond, Virginia and active from the 1880s,
Blenner studied at the Yale Art School and Academy Julien, Paris. His specialties
were society portraits, florals and landscapes. His memberships included
the Newport Art Association, Allied Artists of America, Salmagundi Club
and New Haven Paint and Clay Club. His awards include the Hallgarten prize
at the National Academy of Design and the Bronze Medal at the St. Louis
Exposition. Some of the museums currently exhibiting his works are the
Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers the State University, New Brunswick,
New Jersey, the Brooklyn Museum of Art and Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
- Robert Frederick Blum (1857-1903)
- Soldiers Praying, c. 1895
- Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Blum became an artist whose
reputation was for multi-media work that included pastel, watercolor, pen
and ink, etching, and oil. He created illustrations, murals, figure, and
genre paintings. He was one of the first artists in Ohio to become known
for watercolor painting and was a product of the intense mid 19th century
art activity in Cincinnati. He studied at the McMicken School of Design
and at the Ohio Mechanics Institute, where in the fall of 1874, he attended
a special night class taught by Frank Duveneck. He was a member of the
National Academy of Design and Society of Mural Painters. His awards include
the Gold Medal at the Panama-American Exposition, Buffalo, New York. His
work is held at least in seventeen museums in the United States and he
did a series of murals for the Mendelssohn Glee Club Hall, New York City.
He also illustrated for Scribners Magazine.
- Dwight Boyden (1860-1933)
- End of a Rainy Day, 1900
- Boyden was born in Boston, Massachusetts. He studied
at Academy Julien, Paris and was a pupil of Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre.
His main focus was landscape and coastal views and in 1900, he garnered
Gold Medals at the Paris Salon. He also exhibited at the Boston Art Club
and Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He resided in Baltimore, Maryland
at the time of his death.
- Roy Henry Brown (1879-1956)
- A Stuart Tower, c. 1920
- Brown was born in Decatur, Illinois; however, he was
most strongly affiliated with New York during his career as an artist.
He actively painted from 1905-1950s. Mr. Brown studied at the Art Students
League and was a pupil of Rafaelli and René Menard in Paris. He
was a member of American Watercolor Society, the National Arts Club and
others. His awards include the Altman Prize. In the beginning of his career,
he did illustrations for national publications and was also known for his
landscapes especially of coastal area. His works are held by the Art Institute
of Chicago, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, New York Historical
Society and USC Fisher Gallery.
- Emil Carlsen (1853-1932)
- Still Life, 1901
- Born in Denmark in 1853, Emil Carlsen trained as an architect,
although he never entered the profession. By the age of twenty, had immigrated
to the United States, finding himself in Chicago and beginning a career
in painting. He briefly studied at Academy Julien, Paris and was a pupil
of Vallon. Working primarily in oils, his specialty was still life and
landscapes. He was a member of the National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania
Academy of Fine Arts and his awards include Carnegie Prize and Salmagundi
Club Silver Medal. His work is represented in numerous museums around the
- John Fabian Carlson (1875-1945)
- Winter Landscape, c. 1930
- As a young child in Sweden, John Fabian Carlson was introduced
to art by an uncle who decorated carriages with landscapes. Carlson moved
with his family to the United States and settled in Buffalo, New York.
His formal training began at the Albright School of Art where he studied
under Lucius Hitchcock. In 1902, Carlson earned a scholarship to the Art
Students League in New York where he was a pupil of Frank Vincent DuMond.
He is best known for his snow landscapes in oil and watercolor. Carlson
was a member of the National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania Academy of
Fine Arts, American Watercolor Society, and the National Arts Club. His
awards include Carnegie Prize; The National Academy of Design, Shaw Watercolor
Prize; Salmagundi Club, and Silver Medal; Society of Washington Artists.
His works are held by fifteen museums including the Corcoran Gallery of
- Charles Chapman (1879-1962)
- Portrait of a Woman, c.
- Charles Chapman (1879-1962)
- Wolf's Lair, c. 1950
- Born in Morristown, New York, Charles Chapman was a noted
teacher, painter, and illustrator who was educated at Pratt Institute and
in 1899 at William Merritt Chase's Art School in New York City. He was
influenced by the famed western artist Frederic Remington. He was a member
of the Salmagundi Club and won all its major prizes. Chapman was a member
of the National Academy of Design and his awards include the Saltus Gold
Medal and the National Academy of Design, First Shaw Prize. His painting,
"In The Deep Woods" is at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- William Merritt Chase (1849-1916)
- Seated Woman with Fan, c.
- ink drawing
- William Merritt Chase was born in 1849 in Williamsburg,
Indiana, the oldest child of a successful merchant. In 1861, the Chase
family moved to the rapidly growing city of Indianapolis, where Chase received
his first artistic training under a local painter, Barton S. Hays. In 1871,
Chase moved to Saint Louis. It was there that he met two prominent local
businessmen who financed his study at the Munich Royal Academy under Karl
von Piloty. Chase later went to New York for further training at the National
Academy of Design. During his career, he taught at the Art Students League
and the Art Institute of Chicago. He was President of the Society of American
Artists and a member of the National Academy of Design. William Merritt
Chase was a great influential artist. He is best known for his landscapes,
portraits and still life in oil and pastels.
- Howard Chandler Christy (1873-1952)
- Portrait of A Young Girl,
- For Howard Chandler Christy it was a long road from Morgan
County, Ohio, his birthplace, to New York to attend the Art Students League
where he studied with William Merritt Chase. At that time, great technological
advances were being made in publishing, and Christy witnessed a new field
opening - providing illustrations for the burgeoning new periodicals. He
illustrated for Harpers, Scribners, Christy Girl and others. His specialty
was portraits of celebrities and female figures. Commissions include a
portrait of Amelia Earhart, The Signing of the Constitution (hanging in
the Rotunda of the United States Capitol Building), and a portrait of Mrs.
William Randolph Hearst. Howard Chandler Christy died peacefully in his
beloved studio apartment at the Hotel des Artistes in New York City.
- Antonio Cirino (1889-1983)
- Boats, c. 1930
- Antonio Cirino (1889-1983)
- Landscape, c. 1930
- Born in Italy, Antonio Cirino came to the United States
at the age of three. He attended the Rhode Island School of Design from
1904-1909 and later taught there. He received a Bachelors of Science Degree
from Columbia Teachers College in 1912. He studied art in Italy and was
a pupil of Arthur Wesley Dow. Cirino designed a 14 karat gold key to the
city of Providence, Rhode Island, which was awarded to General Amardo Diaz,
for Italy's efforts in the First World War. He published a book on jewelry
design in 1939 and completed a thirteen volume compilation of illustration
in America (1855-1912) with a forward, which he wrote. This book was privately
bound. Cirino joined the Salmagundi Club of New York City in 1926 as a
non-resident artist member. He actively contributed to the exhibitions
until his death in 1983. Many fine examples of Cirino's work were bequeathed
to the Salmagundi Club Museum.
- Alphaeus Philemon Cole (1876-1988)
- Nude, c. 1940
- Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, Alphaeus Cole was a
portraitist and still life painter, teacher, illustrator and writer. His
preferred media were oil and watercolor. His father was Timothy Cole, noted
wood engraver. From 1893 to 1901, he studied in Paris at the Academie Julian
with Jean Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant. He also studied in Italy
for many years. From 1924 to 1931, he taught portrait and still life classes
at Cooper Union. He was a member of the Lyme Connecticut Art Association,
and from 1952 to 1953, was president of the Allied Artists of America,
and was an honorary member of the National Arts Club. Mr. Cole actively
painted and exhibited up to the age of 103.
- Loring Coleman (1918-)
- New England Farm, c. 1955
- Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Coleman studied with H.
Dudley Murphy and Charles Curtis Allen. A master in the medium of watercolor,
his subjects are places and a time rapidly becoming extinct. Loring Coleman's
paintings of farmhouses, fields and barns emanate enduring qualities in
their gentle truths. He is a member of the National Academy of Design,
American Watercolor Society and former Art Director and Vice President
of the Concord Art Association. His work is in many public and private
- Mario Ruben Cooper (1905-1995)
- Maiko Visit, 1990
- Born in Mexico City, Mexico, he was raised in Los Angeles
where he studied at Chouinard and Otis Art Institute, continuing at Columbia
University and Grand Central Art School, New York where he later taught.
He was a painter and sculptor. He is represented in the Metropolitan Museum
of Art and the Butler Institute of American Art. He was a member of Audubon
Artists (Past President), American Watercolor Society (Past President),
California Watercolor Society, the National Academy of Design, Allied Artists
of America. Cooper authored many books including "Flower Painting
in Watercolor", "Drawing and Painting the City" and others.
Some of his commissions include the Chapel of Intercession of St. Martins,
a series of paintings for the United States Air Force.
- Paul Cornoyer (1864-1923)
- Street Scene, c. 1900
- Paul Cornoyer was born in 1864 in St. Louis, Missouri.
He studied there at the School of Fine Arts in 1881. His first works were
in a Barbizon style, and his first exhibit was in 1887. In 1889, he went
to Paris for further training, studying at the Academie Julien, and returned
to St. Louis in 1894. In 1899, Cornoyer traveled to New York City, upon
the encouragement of William Merritt Chase, who had acquired some of his
work. In addition, Cornoyer taught at the Mechanics Institute in New York,
and later was an instructor in Massachusetts, moving there in 1917. He
was an active exhibitor at the Art Institute of Chicago and Corcoran Gallery
of Art. He was a member of Allied Artists of America, National Academy
of Design, and Newark Art Association. He painted and exhibited his works
up until his death in 1923.
- Dean Cornwell (1892-1960)
- Waiting, c. 1935
- Dean Cornwell began his career as an illustrator in 1914
and worked steadily at his avocation until his death at sixty-eight. His
art appeared regularly in popular magazines and important books written
by a number of the most outstanding authors. Cornwell was born on March
5, 1892 in Louisville, Kentucky and his father, Charles L. Cornwell, a
civil engineer, largely influenced the young boy's interest in drawing
due to his drafting of industrial subjects for hours on end. Dean attended
the Art Students League in New York. It was there, in 1915, he met Charles
Chapman and studied under Harvey Dunn. Paintings by Cornwell have been
exhibited in the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Pennsylvania Academy
of the Fine Arts, the Chicago Art Institute and the National Academy of
Design. He taught and lectured at the Art Students League in New York City
and at museums and art societies throughout the United States. James Montgomery
Flagg paid him a tribute when he said, "Cornwell is the illustrator
par excellence-his work is approached by few and overtopped by none...he
is a born artist.
- John Edward Costigan (1888-1972)
- Hunter, c. 1940
- John Costigan was born in 1888 in Providence, Rhode Island.
He was a largely self-taught "pastoralist", painting scenes of
everyday life on rural farms of upstate New York. He also worked as a sketch
artist for H. Miner Lithography Company for 22 years. His memberships include
the National Academy of Design, Allied Artists of America, and American
Society of Animal Painters and Sculptors. His awards include the Hallgarten
Prize at the National Academy of Design; Isidor Prize, Salmagundi Club;
Peterson Purchase Prize at the Art Institute of Chicago. His numerous works
are held in American museums including the Smithsonian American Art Museum,
Phillips Memorial Gallery, Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Butler
Institute of American Art, Ohio.
- J. Steeple Davis (1844-1917)
- Street in Argentivil, c.
- Born in Parkridge, England. This painter and illustrator
studied with Jean-Leon Gerome in Bonn. He exhibited at the Paris Salon
in 1878 and 1880; the National Academy of Design 1878-1881 and the Paris
Expo in 1900. He was the illustrator for "The Standard History of
the U. S." and "The Story of the Greater Nations". He died
in Brooklyn, New York.
- Franklin De Haven (1856-1934)
- Night, 1900
- Born in Bluffton, Indiana, Franklin De Haven became a
landscape painter and musician, known especially for skyscapes with tones
of yellows and pinks. He arrived in New York in 1886 and became a pupil
of George Smillie, learning the tradition of classical landscape painting
in Tonalist style. He was the recipient of the Silver Medal at the St.
Louis Exposition in 1904 and numerous other awards. De Haven was a member
of the National Academy of Design, where he exhibited for nearly fifty
years, and the Allied Artists of America. His work is in the Butler Institute
of American Art, the National Arts Club, Brooklyn Museum of Art, Columbus
Museum of Art, the Newark Museum, and Colby College Museum of Art.
- Frank H. Desch (1873-1934)
- Reflections, c. 1919
- Painter, Frank Desch was born in 1873 in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, he lived in Provincetown, Massachusetts and later in New
York City. He studied under William Merritt Chase, Charles Hawthorne, and
Biloul in Paris. He worked primarily in oil and focused on figure and portrait
subjects in the style of impressionism. Desch was a member of the Allied
Artists of America, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Salmagundi Club,
and Provincetown Art Association. He exhibited at the Art Institute of
Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Salmagundi Club and the Corcoran
Gallery. His work can be seen in the Butler Art Institute, Salmagundi Club,
and the Bloomington Art Association, Illinois.
- Francis Stillwell Dixon (1879-1967)
- Landscape, c. 1920
- Born in New York City on September 18, 1879, Dixon appears
to have spent his entire career there except during 1915-17 when he lived
in Los Angeles. He studied at the Art Students League in New York City
under Robert Henri and with Charles Hawthorne in Cape Cod. He is known
for his landscapes and marine paintings in the medium of oil. His memberships
include the Salmagundi Club, Allied Artists of America, and the Connecticut
Academy of Fine Arts. Dixon exhibited at Folson Galleries, New York in
1917; National Academy of Design in 1925; Babcock Galleries, New York City,
- Charles Warren Eaton (1857-1937)
- Canal, 1902
- Born in Albany, New York, Charles Eaton became a Tonalist
landscape painter much influenced by George Inness. In 1879, he enrolled
at the National Academy of Design in New York City and then studied figure
painting at the Art Students League with
- J. Carroll Beckwith. He became a close associate with
Leonard Ochtman and Ben Foster, both Tonalist painters, and traveled with
them to France and England where each formed their own style in reaction
to the pervasive Barbizon style of rural landscape and genre painting.
He continued to travel rather extensively, visiting Glacier National Park
in Montana in 1921 and Italy from 1910 to 1912 and in 1923. He won many
prizes including those from Salmagundi Club, the Philadelphia Art Club
and the 1904 St. Louis Exposition. He was a founding member of the Lotus
and Salmagundi Clubs. He exhibited at The Chicago Art Institute. His works
are held by Cincinnati Museum, the National Gallery of Art, Brooklyn Museum,
Hackley Gallery and many others.
- Gary T. Erbe (1944-)
- Virtuoso, 1982
- Born in Union City, New Jersey, Erbe is self-taught.
He began painting in 1965 and pursued art full time in 1970. He has been
President of Allied Artists of America since 1994. He is an honorary member
of the National Arts Club and the Salmagundi Club. He is also member of
the Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts and Artists Fellowship. Awards include:
Gold Medals from Audubon Artists, Allied Artists of America; First Prize
from the National Arts Club; Hallgarten Award from the National Academy
of Design; First Prize from the Butler Institute of American Art and others.
Erbe has had one man shows at the Butler Institute of American Art, Ohio;
Springfield Art Museum, Missouri; the New Britain Museum of American Art,
Connecticut; the Montclair Museum, New Jersey; the National Arts Club,
New York City; ACA Galleries, New York City. His works are in the Butler
Institute of American Art, the Springfield Art Museum, the National Arts
Club, and the New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut to name a
- John Foote (1929-)
- Boy from Peru, 1970
- Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Foote studied at the Art
Students League, The National Academy of Design and in Florence, Italy.
He published two books, "Drawing the figure in Pastel" and "Portrait
Painting". He exhibited at The Royal Society of Portrait Painters,
London and became the first American Artist elected to full membership
in the British Federation of Artists. A partial list of portrait commissions
includes Sir Alec Guiness, Sir Lawrence Olivier, Alan Bates and Marilyn
Horne. He taught at the School of Visual Arts and the Art Students League.
He maintains a studio in Manhattan where he teaches privately.
- Arthur Freedlander (1875-1940)
- Portrait of Lady with Feather Hat, c. 1915
- Arthur R. Freedlander worked in the impressionist style.
His palette had soft pastel tones often using light green and a soft sandy
tan. He worked in New York, but also lived in Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts.
Freedlander studied with American artists, John Twachtman, William Merritt
Chase, and Henry Siddons Mowbray. He also studied with Cormon, in Paris.
He was a member of the Salmagundi Club, 1905; Artists Guild; Brooklyn Society
of Artists; American Watercolor Society; Allied Artists of America; Connecticut
Academy of Fine Art; American Artists Professional League. He exhibited
at the Salmagundi Club in 1915 and won a prize. His work can be found at
the H. Vance Swope Memorial, Seymour, Indiana and in the court- room in
the Bronx County building in New York. He was the Director of the Martha's
Vineyard School of Art.
- Frank Godwin (1889-1959)
- Hilltop, c. 1910
- Frank Godwin was a prominent painter, magazine illustrator,
and advertising artist, who lent his sophisticated talents to the comics
for the last 30 years of his life. Godwin was the son of an editor for
the Washington Star, and began his career in art with his father's paper
at the age of 16. A desire to both perfect his work and broaden his range
of opportunity drew him to New York City. There, he studied at the Art
Students League. The close companionship and support of the older James
Montgomery Flagg, already an established commercial artist, helped him
to enter the market. He also painted in oils, and his murals for the Kings
County Hospital in Brooklyn, New York, and the Riverside Yacht Club in
Greenwich, Connecticut, are still much admired. He was an active member
of the Society of Illustrators for many years, serving for a time as its
vice president. He has been elected to its Hall of Fame.
- John Grabach (1886-1981)
- Pigeons, c. 1925
- Ceramist and painter, born in Newark, New Jersey in 1886,
Grabach studied at the Art Students League of New York City with Frank
Dumond, Kenyon Cox, August Schwabe and George Bridgeman. He developed a
life long friendship with artist Henry Gasser, also born in Newark, New
Jersey. He is best known for his portraits and urban scenes. He was active
in Los Angeles in the 1920s but spent most of his career as a resident
of lrvington, New Jersey. Grabach taught at the Newark School of Fine and
Industrial Arts. He was a member of the National Academy of Design, Philadelphia
Watercolor Club, Society of Independent Artists and others. He died in
Irvington, New Jersey.
- Frank Russel Green (1856-1940)
- Horse & Cart, 1898
- Green was born in Chicago, Illinois. He studied at Academy
Julien, Paris and was a pupil of Boulanger. He also studied with Raphael
Collin and Gustave Courtois. His preferred media were oil and watercolor
and his specialty was landscape, genre and still life. His awards include
Bronze Medal, St. Louis Exposition, 1904, Shaw Prize, Salmagundi Club,
1908 and others. Green was a member of the National Academy of Design,
American Watercolor Society, New York Watercolor Club and others.
- Daniel Greene (1934-)
- Pietro Valerio, 1964
- Born in 1934 in Cincinnati, Ohio, Greene studied at the
Art Academy of Cincinnati, the Art Students League with Robert Brackman
and the National Academy of Design with Robert Philipp. He is best known
for his portraits in oil and pastel. Among his memberships are the National
Academy of Design and Allied Artists of America. His work is represented
in the Norfolk Museum, Shelburne Museum, Yale University and many others.
- Charles Paul Gruppe (1860-1940)
- Leading Cows Home, c. 1900
- Landscape and marine painter Charles Paul Gruppe was
born in Picton, Canada, in 1860. Largely self-taught, Gruppe studied in
Holland and a good portion of his work consists of Holland inspired scenes.
In 1925, after seeing an exhibition in New York that featured the beautiful
winter harbor scenes of Gloucester by Frederick Mulhaupt, Gruppe and his
father headed to Cape Ann. Both fell in love with Cape Ann and continued
to paint in the Cape Ann area for the rest of their lives. He was a member
of New York Watercolor Club, American Watercolor Society, Philadelphia
Art Club, and he was honored with numerous awards and medals, including
gold medals at Paris and Rouen, and two silver medals (watercolor and oil)
at the World's Fair in St. Louis in 1903. Charles P. Gruppe was also a
member of the Salmagundi Club in New York. His works are in the Detroit
Institute of Art, National Gallery of Art, the Butler Institute of American
Art, Reading Museum and others. Gruppe died in Rockport, Massachusetts,
at his studio, at the age of 80.
- Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872-1930)
- Men Seated, Drinking, c.
- Charles Webster Hawthorne, born in 1872, studied at the
National Academy of Design, Art Students League and Shinnecock Summer Art
School with William Chase. Hawthorne was a specialist in portraits and
genre paintings and set up a colony of artists in Provincetown, Massachusetts.
He was a Naturalist painter with an Impressionistic style, staying within
the academic traditions that other Modernists rejected. Hawthorne's memberships
included the National Academy of Design and the American Watercolor Society.
Awards for excellence include Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1923 and Gold Medal,
Sesqui-Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia, 1926. His works are held by
over forty museums around the United States.
- Howard Logan Hildebrandt (1872-1958)
- Mother and Two Girls, c.
- Portraitist Howard Hildebrandt was born in the small
town of Allegheny, Pennsylvania where his natural interest in people was
evident from an early age. He attended the National Academy of Design in
New York, the Julian Academy under Benjamin-Constant and J. P. Laurens
in Paris and was one of a small number of foreigners permitted regular
enrollment as an eleve at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Like John Singer Sargent,
Hildebrandt took great care with his backgrounds as he considered them
an important part of the portrait. He achieved an American Watercolor Society
prize for a portrait that he executed in watercolor. Hildebrandt was also
awarded the Evans Prize and first honor, Associated Artists of Pittsburgh;
the Brown-Bigelow gold medal of the Allied Artists of America; and the
Purchase Prize of the Salmagundi Club. Hildebrandt is represented with
several oils in the Butler Art Institute of Youngstown, Ohio; at Pennsylvania
State College, New York's Lotus Club, the Engineers Club; and a self-portrait
in the National Academy of Design.
- Samuel Isham (1855-1914)
- Portrait of A Lady, 1890
- Isham was born in New York City. He studied at Yale University
and Academy Julien, Paris with Boulanger and Lefebvre from 1883 to 1889;
also with J. de la Chevreuse in Paris. His memberships include New York
Watercolor Club, National Institute of Arts and Letters, National Academy
of Design and Salmagundi Club. His awards include Silver Medal at the St.
Louis Exposition in 1904. He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine
Arts, Boston Arts Club, Corcoran Gallery of Art and others. He died in
East Hampton, New York.
- Hugh Bolton Jones (1848-1927)
- Landscape, c. 1890
- Hugh Bolton Jones was an award winning landscape artist
of the late nineteenth century, whose paintings of pastoral scenes were
widely exhibited in the United States around the turn of the century. Born
in 1848 in Baltimore, Jones began his formal studies at the Maryland Institute.
In 1865, he studied under Horace W. Robbins in New York City, and two years
later exhibited at the National Academy of Design. From 1865 to 1876, Jones
painted many landscapes. In style and subject matter, his paintings of
this period tend to reflect the dominant influence of the Hudson River
School. He was elected an associate of the National Academy of Design in
1893; he received awards at the Paris expositions of 1889 and 1900; the
St. Louis exposition of 1904 and Columbian Exposition, Chicago. His works
are held by Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, Brooklyn Museum,
Corcoran Gallery of Art and Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He continued
to paint until his death in 1927, in New York City.