Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
San Francisco, California
Nathan Oliveira at California Palace of the Legion of Honor
Nathan Oliveria, Italian Site, #7
Consisting of approximately 100 monotypes and monoprints arranged chronologically in three galleries, this exhibition (June 14 through September 14, 1997) will constitute a retrospective of Nathan Oliveira's work in three mediums -- the first such retrospective in 18 years. One of the Bay Area's preeminent artists who over the years has distinguished himself in a variety of mediums, Oliveira has made an extraordinary contribution to the art of the monotype.
Oliveira initially experimented with this one-of-a-kind print form in 1969, but it was his 1972 discovery of the innovative monotypes of Degas that led him to deeper colorations of the medium.
The monotype begins as a painting on a metal (sometimes glass or Plexiglas) plate that yields only one print. The plate, however, retains an attenuated memory, or "ghost" which can be brought back to life through reworking. It was the monotype's potential for serial composition that most interested Oliveira. His first serial compositions of 1973 were based on Goya's 1818 etching La Tauromaquia 21, (The Bull Fight) and Rembrandt's Three Crosses, 1653.
Nathan Oliveira, Self-Portrait
While Oliveira based some of these early sequential monotypes on the works of these great masters, his later monotypes evolved entirely from his imagination, with landscapes predominating and standing figures occasionally appearing. The Bundles and Sites series are among these original compositions. The former, in its depiction of wrapped "implements" (as Oliveira has referred to them), evoked, for many, Pre-Columbian archaeological sites and Indian artifacts. The Sites were both landscapes and generalized, surreal locales and depictions of actual specific places.
From about 1976 on, Oliveira has brought each of his monotypes to completion through an elaborate process which he refers to as "vertical" (proceeding layer upon layer on the same sheet), as opposed to "horizontal" (sequential development). In what is essentially a painterly process, the image is gradually built up from repeated color impressions obtained from as many as nine successive runs, followed by inpainting with a brush.
The exhibition will include an introductory section about the history of the monotype and monoprint process.
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