American 18-19th Century Landscape Art
(above: Thomas Hill, Great Canyon of the Sierra, Yosemite, 1872. Crocker Art Museum)
This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "American 18-19th Century Landscape Art." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.
Following the listing of Resource Library articles and essays is the heading "TFAO references." The count of pages in the TFAO website citing relevant keywords is an indicator of our breadth of coverage for this topic. We recommend that readers search within the TFAO website to find detailed information for any topic. Please see our page How to research topics not listed for more information.
After "TFAO references" are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches.
Following online resources is information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.
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Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order:
Geographies of Wonder: Origin Stories of America's National Parks, 1872-1933 (6/6/16)
Friend of the Family, Two Paintings by George Caleb Bingham; essay by Mary Francey (10/12/11)
Albert Tissandier: Drawings of Nature and Industry in the United States: 1885; essay by Mary Francey (12/7/09)
Under the Canopy of Heaven: Works by William Sidney Mount (10/16/09)
Expanding Horizons: Painting and Photography of American and Canadian Landscape 1860-1918 (7/16/09)
William Lamb Picknell: An American Emersonian Artist; essay by Lauren Walden Rabb (1/30/09)
Spring Bloom and Autumn Blaze: Topographies of American Landscape and Character; essay by John Wilmerding (1/17/09)
American Landscape Painting, 1795-1875; essay by Frank H. Goodyear Jr (8/1/08)
A Paradise of Riches: Joshua Shaw and the Southern Frontier (4/30/08)
Small but Sublime: Intimate Views by Durand, Bierstadt and Inness (3/28/08)
Venetian Scenes by Walter Launt Palmer (1/9/08)
At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch (11/7/07)
Kindred Spirits: Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape (8/25/07)
The Weight of a Perpetual Creation: George Cook's Tallulah Falls and American Tourist Representations of Waterfalls; essay by Paul A. Manoguerra (5/20/06)
American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting (7/28/05)
Barbara and Peter Moore Fluxus Collection Acquired by Harvard University Art Museums (7/15/05)
The Hudson River School at the New-York Historical Society: Nature and the American Vision (7/14/05)
Painting Lake George: 1774-1900 (6/21/05)
Treasures from Olana: Landscapes by Frederic Edwin Church (4/25/05)
William Stanley Haseltine (1835-1900): Drawings of a Painter; essay by John Wilmerding (3/16/05)
Thomas Cole's "The Old Mill at Sunset" at Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (3/2/05)
Landscape in America 1850-1890; essay by Barbara Johns (1/6/05)
Landscape in America 1850-1890: Dreaming of Paradise; essay by Elizabeth Bryant (1/6/05)
A Walk in the Country: Inness and the Berkshires (11/4/04)
Paths to Impressionism: French and American Landscape Paintings (10/1/04)
The Spirit of Inness: Creating an "American School" at the Paris Exposition of 1900; article by Diane Pietrucha Fischer (9/15/04)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art; with article by Patricia McDonnell (9/7/04)
The Morans: The Artistry of a 19th-century Family of Painter-Etchers (8/30/04)
Painted Essays: William Keith's Landscapes of the West (8/13/04)
Robert S. Duncanson: Small Paintings from Ohio Collections (7/16/04)
Whistler and His Circle in Venice (4/5/04)
Painted Essays: William Keith's Landscapes of the West (3/17/04)
American Eden: Landscape Paintings of the Hudson River School from the Collection of the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/15/04)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/13/04)
A Wilder Image Bright: Hudson River School Paintings from the Manoogian Collection (1/29/04)
Toy Stories and Winter Scenes from the Museum of the City of New York (11/3/03)
George Inness and the Visionary Landscape (10/31/03)
Gilbert Munger: Quest for Distinction; text by Michael D. Schroeder and J. Gray Sweeney (8/29/03)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (8/26/03)
Charles Frederick Kimball, 18311903: Painting Portland's Legacy (8/9/03)
Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford (8/8/03)
Painted Essays: William Keith's Landscapes of the American West (7/25/03)
Gilbert Munger: Quest for Distinction (7/24/03
Mountains to the Sea Exhibition at Washington County Museum of Fine Arts (7/23/03)
"The Real Pioneer of Art in this City": Charles Codman and the Rise of Landscape Painting in Portland, Maine, essay by Jessica Nicoll (7/ 12/03)
Painted Essays: William Keith's Landscapes of the West (7/10/03)
Introduction to "Along the Juniata: Thomas Cole and the Dissemination of American Landscape Imagery"; essay by Nancy Siegel (7/10/03)
Whistler's Greatest Etchings: The 1889 Amsterdam Set at the Freer Gallery of Art (5/27/03)
Whistler and His Circle in Venice, article by Eric Denker (3/25/03)
The Legacy of Brother Cornelius (2/28/03)
Click here for more articles and essays on this subject published in 1997-2002.
A 11/29/13 search within TFAO's digital library retrieved:
From other websites:
American Views: Artists at Home and Abroad, an exhibit held November 10, 2012 to October 27, 2013 at the Parrish Art Museum, Accessed April, 2015.
America's Eden: Thomas Cole and The Voyage of Life, an exhibit held June 13, 2014-September 14, 2014 at the Taft Museum of Art. Includes Portico article. Accessed April, 2015.
Art Tours: Hudson River Valley Painters, by Kathleen L. Nichols, from Dr. Nichols' blog. Accessed May, 2014
Beauty & Bounty: American Art in an Age of Exploration, an exhibit held June 30 - September 11, 2011, 2011 - February 19, 2012 at the Seattle Art Museum. Includes bibliogaphy. Accessed April, 2015
Cooper-Hewitt Museum, The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Design, offered online as of 2013 over 25 titles highlighting the Museum's collections, published between 1978 and 1987. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]
Home on the Hudson: Women and Men Painting Landscapes 1825-1875. from New York History blog, edited by John Warren. Accessed May, 2014
In Search of the Source: Paintings of the Nile and Beyond by Lockwood De Forest (1850-1932) is a 2017 exhibit at the Huntington Museum of Art which says: "From December 1875 through July 1876 he traveled to the Middle East to paint the beautiful and historic landscapes that he would discover there. During the course of several months, he journeyed on the Nile, then up through Palestine, into Syria, including to Palmyra, and then off to Greece on his return home. In each location he sat down with brush in hand and painted exactly what he viewed with his own eyes on small, wooden panels." Accessed 3/17
"Lost in Our Own Backyard: How American Landscape Painting Lost Its Way," by James Lancel McElhinney, American Arts Quarterl, Volume 22, number 4, from Newington-Cropsey Cultural Studies Center. Accessed August, 2015
Maine Sublime: Frederic Church's "Twilight in the Wilderness" was a 2014 exhibit at the Cleveland Museum of Art which said: "Famed landscape painter Frederic Church (1826-1900) had a long-standing love affair with the natural beauty of Maine, which he described as "magnificent both land and seaward." Over the course of three decades, he visited often, creating intimately scaled sketches in a variety of media that served to inspire his major works, including Twilight in the Wilderness (1860), one of the Cleveland Museum of Art's most esteemed masterpiece." Accessed 10/16
Newington Cropsey Foundation website which says: "The Newington-Cropsey Foundation was founded in 1977 for the purpose of preserving and displaying the home and paintings of Jasper F. Cropsey (1823-1900), Hudson River School artist...." Accessed May, 2014
Nineteenth-century American landscape drawings in the collection of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, by Elaine Evans Dee, Cooper-Hewitt Museum, 1982. From Archive.org. Accessed August, 2015
Tate Museum provides online research catalogues and dozens of scholarly articles by named authors in Tate Papers. Please see a Room Guide for the exhibition American Sublime: Landscape Painting in the United States 1820 - 1880, held at Tate Britain 21 February -19 May 2002. Accessed August, 2015
Thomas Cole National Historic Site website. Includes introductory video. Accessed August, 2015.
Introduction, by Kathleen M. Hogan, for Tocqueville's America website, from American Studies at the University of Virginia. Accessed August, 2015.
"Under the Open Sky": Landscape Sketches by Nineteenth-Century American Artists, an exhibit held March 28 - July 29, 2007 at the Brooklyn Museum. From the Brooklyn Museum website. Accessed August, 2015.
The Valley of the Shadow: American Landscapes in the Time of the Civil War, an exhibit held from August 31 - December 16, 2012 at The Fralin Museum of Art, University of Virginia. Texts include exhibit labels. Accessed August, 2015.
William Keith: Mountains of Shadow and Light, an exhibit held May 2 to July 3, 2009 at the Saint Mary's College Museum of Art. Accessed April, 2015.
The World of Asher B. Durand: The Artist in Antebellum New York, an exhibit held April 13, 2007 -September 30, 200 at the New-York Historical Society. Accessed April, 2015.
A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie [03:37], August 15, 2008, from WNET. Accessed August, 2015.
Hudson River School - Sunday Arts [05:09], December 10, 2008, from WNET. Accessed August, 2015.
Hudson River School, from PBS. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]
The National Gallery of Art offered on its website video podcasts including Philip Guston and Talk About Art. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.] The Gallery also presents a video concerning the George Bellows exhibtion held in 2012 The Gallery produced a video titled Frederic Edwin Church's painting "El Rio de Luz (The River of Light)," available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "Take a walk in the jungle in Frederic Edwin Church's painting 'El Rio de Luz (The River of Light).' Church, who was a student of the great American painter Thomas Cole, traveled to the jungles of South America, where he made color sketches of the flowers, trees, and plants. Once he returned to his studio, he turned his sketches into large landscape paintings. Look closely -- do you see the red-chested hummingbirds sitting on the tree branches? " The Gallery produced a video titled "THE VOYAGE OF LIFE," 1842, THOMAS COLE, available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "In this video from the Children's Video Tour, kids can learn more about four paintings by American artist Thomas Cole, which depict the artist's vision of the journey through life, from birth to old age. Study these paintings as a group and compare the skies, weather, river, and surrounding landscapes. Consider how the forces of nature change from scene to scene, creating a different mood in each one. Which stage of life do you think the artist felt was the most exciting? " Accessed June, 2015.
Hudson River and its Painters, The is a 57 minute 1988 video from the Metropolitan Museum of Art Series released by Home Vision Entertainment. The mid-nineteenth century saw the growth of America's first native school of landscape painters, artists inspired by the compelling beauty of the Hudson River Valley, who portrayed this and other romantic wilderness areas with an almost mystical reverence. This 57 minute video explores the life and work of the major artists of what came to be known as the Hudson River School -- Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, Frederic Church, Albert Bierstadt, John Kensett, Jasper Cropsey, Worthington Whittredge, Sanford Gifford, and George Inness. Although its members traveled widely, the growth and development of the school were centered around New York City, and its success reflected the ambitions of the youthful American nation. It presents more than 200 paintings, prints and photographs of the period and juxtaposes them with dramatic location photography of the Hudson River area. The Hudson Company in association with The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hudson River and its Painters, The is available through the Sullivan Video Library at The Speed Art Museum which holds a sizable collection of art-related videos available to educators at no charge.
Landscapes of Frederic Edwin Church is a 29 minute 1989 National Gallery of Art video directed by Joseph J. Reis and narrated by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Curator of American Art at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. From the 1850s to the 1870s, Frederic Edwin Church was the leading landscape painter in America. This video traces Church's career from his early studies in the Catskills and the Hudson River Valley with the eminent landscape painter Thomas Cole. The program continues through Church's maturity when his grand, all-encompassing paintings of the great natural wonders of the Americas made him one of the nation's most celebrated landscape painters of the 19th century. The program includes live footage of the Catskills and of Church's "final work of art," Olana, his house overlooking the Hudson River. Paintings shown include New England Scenery (1851), Niagara (1857), Heart of the Andes (1859), Icebergs (1861), Twilight in the Wilderness (1860), Cotopaxi (1862), Parthenon (1871), and Morning in the Tropics (1877). This program is also available in the DVD collection: American Art, 17851926: Seven Artist Profiles.This DVD is lent free of charge through the National Gallery of Art's Division of Education (go to NGA Loan Materials)
TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos. Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in TFAO's Videos -DVD/VHS, an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format.
The Hudson River to Niagara Falls: 19th-Century American Landscape Paintings from the New-York Historical Society (Google eBook) by Linda S. Ferber, Kerry Dean Carso. SUNY Press, Jul 23, 2009. 68 pages. Google Books says: "This catalogue features forty-five paintings from the permanent collection of the New-York Historical Society, newly restored and available here together for the first time. From the mouth of the Hudson River, north to the Adirondacks, and west to Niagara Falls, these paintings by Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, John W. Casilear, Jasper Cropsey, Albert Bierstadt, George Inness, and others depict the landscapes, historic sites, natural wonders, and waterways of New York State. The catalogue also includes important essays by guest curator Linda S. Ferber, Museum Director of the New-York Historical Society and one of the countrys preeminent scholars and authorities on the art of this period, and art and architectural historian Kerry Dean Carso, Associate Professor of Art History at the State University of New York at New Paltz. This catalogue is the third in a trilogy of publications and exhibitions produced at the Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art celebrating the Hudson River school of painting. The exhibition and catalogue are part of Art and the River, a series of exhibitions, publications, and events that celebrate the Hudson-Fulton-Champlain Quadricentennial, which commemorates the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudsons voyage of discovery of the Hudson River."
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