An Artist with the Corps of Discovery: One Hundred Paintings Illustrating the Journals of Lewis and Clark

June 6 - August 30, 2009


Charles Fritz: a present-day artist on the trail of Lewis and Clark

by Christine C. Brindza


It began with one historical painting about Captains Lewis and Clark. Ten years and a hundred paintings later, Charles Fritz finished a series that comprehensively illustrates the journals of these famous explorers from the Corps of Discovery. He created a unique collection of history and landscape paintings as if he were an artist accompanying the trip. Fritz depicts the journal entries in a style of his day -- as an artist of the twenty-first century, rather than one of the early 1800s. In so doing, he brings history into the present, making the journey relevant to modern audiences.

An art collector selected Fritz to do a painting based on an entry in the Lewis and Clark journals, specifically of the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers in Montana. While he worked on the commission, Fritz became aware that, unlike other expeditions to follow, Lewis and Clark did not have an artist with them. This sparked his interest, and the idea was born, fueled by Fritz's background in history and his passion for the Rocky Mountain landscape.

This famous expedition, one that helped shape America as a nation, inspired the artist to undertake his own personal trek across the country, following the trail of Lewis and Clark. Fritz immersed himself in the subject, traveling the entire route twice and making multiple field studies at each site. He used models and re-enactors in period clothing, examining every detail for historical accuracy. The artist found continual inspiration in the sights he experienced first hand, but also in the words of Lewis, Clark, and others who recorded their expedition to the Pacific and back.

Long before developing the idea of a Lewis and Clark series, Fritz considered himself a painter in the tradition of the French and American Impressionists. Born in Mason City, Iowa, and educated at Iowa State University, he originally planned to be an educator. However, he left that profession to pursue art full time, which he has enjoyed for the past thirty years.

In his own words, Fritz is a "western landscape and western history painter." For the past fifteen years, he has painted historical subjects, ranging from western homesteads to pueblos. The pinnacle, though, has been the Lewis and Clark series.

Fritz also paints landscapes. Fascinated with the play of light in the environment, he paints en plein air, or out of doors. He strives for realism in his work, observing directly from nature. Fritz seeks color harmony -- balancing lights and darks, warm reds with cool blues, on his canvases. His work is influenced by western artists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who came before him, such as Maynard Dixon, Frederic Remington, William H. "Buck" Dunton, and scores of others who painted features of the American West. In his Lewis and Clark series, he was highly influenced by the artistic documents of explorer-artists Karl Bodmer and Carl Wimar.

It is gratifying to the artist that this collection is presented for the first time in its entirety at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center. As a conclusion to his ten years of hard work and determination, the exhibition, An Artist with the Corps of Discovery: One Hundred Paintings Illustrating the Journals of Lewis and Clark, is on view from June 6 - August 30, 2009.


Related images

Image: Fritz at Traveler's Rest
Caption: Charles Fritz painting at Traveler's Rest, just west of Lolo, Montana, one of the camping sites of Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery. Photo courtesy Charles Fritz.
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Images: Maynard Dixon's Kit Carson and Fritz's We Proceeded On
Credit/Caption: Charles Fritz considers Maynard Dixon among his favorite artists. He is especially attracted to how Dixon depicts shapes in nature and uses similar methods in his work. Dixon's techniques, in particular, inspired We Proceeded On, one of the works in the Lewis and Clark series.
Maynard Dixon (1875 - 1946). Kit Carson with Mountain Men, 1935. Oil on canvas, 96 x 180 inches. Anonymous lender. L.278.2003.1
Charles Fritz (b. 1955). We Proceeded On, 2004. Oil on canvas, 20 x 36 inches. Collection of Timothy Peterson.
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Image: Fritz's Prairie Moonrise
Credit/Caption: Fritz often worked en plein air, or out of doors, at a particular site. He wanted to capture the seasons, colors, and moods of the landscape just as described in the journals of the Corps of Discovery.
Charles Fritz (b. 1955). Prairie Moonrise, 1999. Oil on canvas, 6 x 8 inches. Collection of Timothy Peterson.


About the author

Christine Brindza is the Assistant Curator of the Whitney Gallery of Western Art.


Resource Library editor's note:

The above text was reprinted in Resource Library on July 10, 2009, with permission of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center. The permission was granted to TFAO on July 10, 2009. "Charles Fritz: a present-day artist on the trail of Lewis and Clark," by Christine C. Brindza, appeared in Points West, member magazine of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, summer 2009 issue

Resource Library wishes to extend appreciation to for Lee Haines and Nancy McClure of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center for their help concerning permission for reprinting the above text.

For biographical information on artists referenced in this article please see America's Distinguished Artists, a national registry of historic artists

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