New Mexico Art History

with an emphasis on representational art



This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "New Mexico Art History." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to the articles and essays.

Following the links to Resource Library articles and essays are a listing of museums in the state which have provided materials to Resource Library for this or any other topic.

Listed after Resource Library articles, essays and museums are links to online resources outside the TFAO website. Following these resources is information about offline resources including DVDs, paper-printed books, journals and articles. Our goal is to present complete knowledge relating to this section of Topics in American Art.

We recommend that researchers always search within Resource Library for additional material. Please see TFAO's page How to research topics not listed for more information.

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Texts contained in Resource Library by named authors listed by author name in alphabetical order:

Taos Society of Artists by Sarah Beserra

Southwestern Colonial Art by Robert William Brown

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Development of the Taos and Santa Fe Art Colonies by Keith L. Bryant, Jr.

Canyon Road and the Santa Fe Art Colony by Michael Ettema

Women Artists of Santa Fe by Michael R. Grauer

Painted Faith: Traditional New Mexican Devotional Images by Cody James Hartley

The Pictoral Record of the Old West: the Beginning of the Taos School of Art by Robert Taft

En Celebración De Muerte: Offerings for All Souls' Day by Olga Torres-Reid


Articles contained in Resource Library without named authors listed by article name in alphabetical order:

A Century of Retablos: The Janis and Dennis Lyon Collection of New Mexican Santos, 1780-1880

Canyon Road and the Santa Fe Art Colony

El Favor de los Santos: The Retablo Collection of New Mexico State University

From Realism to Abstraction: Art in New Mexico, 1917-2002

Modernists in New Mexico: Works from a Private Collector

Native Couture: A History of Santa Fe Style

New Mexican Madonnas, 1775-1998

Northern New Mexico Diary

The Old Guard: Santa Fe Art Colony Founders

Our Saints Among Us: 400 Years of New Mexican Devotional Art

Portals: Visual Delights Along Santa Fe's Canyon Road

Pueblo Clay, America's First Pottery

Ranchwomen of New Mexico

Red Willow: Portraits of a Town

Retablo: Behind the Altar, A Collection of Paul LeBaron Thiebaud

Southwestern Allure: The Art of the Santa Fe Art Colony

Taking the High Road: Art, Family and Legacy in Córdova, New Mexico

Taos Artists and Their Patrons, 1898-1950

Taos Artists and Their Patrons: 1898 - 1950

Articles from the Museum of Spanish Colonial Art, Stark Museum of Art and Taos Historic Museums favor New Mexico artists.

Rocky Mountain and Southwest Painting and Sculpture: 19th-21st Century


Museums and other non-profit sources of Resource Library articles and essays:

Please click on the name of each source to view articles and essays related to that source:

Albuquerque Museum

Georgia O'Keeffe Museum

Harwood Museum

Hubbard Museum of the American West

Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe

Museum of Indian Arts and Culture

Museum of International Folk Art

Museum of Spanish Colonial Art

New Mexico Miniature Arts Society

New Mexico State Capitol Art Gallery

New Mexico State University Art Gallery, Williams Hall

Roswell Museum and Art Center

Santa Fe / SITE Santa Fe

Taos Historic Museums

Van Vechten-Lineberry Taos Art Museum


Other online information:

Adobe Structures, Pueblos artist connections from askArt. Accessed August, 2015.

American Jewelry from New Mexico is a 2018 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "Rather than focus on a single culture group, individual artist, time period, or medium as have most jewelry exhibitions and publications, American Jewelry from New Mexico tells the stories of diverse heritages simultaneously, as artists live, in concert, trade, and adaptation with their neighbors"  Accessed 8/18

The Artistic Odyssey of Higinio V. Gonzales: A Tinsmith & Poet in Territorial New Mexico is a 2015-16 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "After more than a century of obscurity, art historian and tinsmith Maurice Dixon discovers that a New Mexican artisan, formerly known only as the Valencia Red and Green Tinsmith, is actually Higinio V. Gonzales, a prolific and bilingual 19th-century educator, artisan, poet, and musician." Also see City of Albuquerque GOVTV video. Accessed 2/17

Artists from New Mexico in Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Awa Tsireh: Pueblo Painter and Metalsmith is a 2017 exhibit at the Heard Museum which says: "This exhibit explores the paintings and metalworks of San Ildefonso artist Awa Tsireh (Alfonso Roybal)."  Accessed 7/18

In the Brinton Museum 2017 Spring/Summer Newsletter, Volume 18, Number 1 read an article about Catharine C.Critcher (1868-1964), a member of  the Taos Society of Artists. 

The Carved Line: Block Printmaking in New Mexico is a 2017 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "This exhibition includes prints by internationally known New Mexico artists including Gustave Baumann, Willard Clark, Howard Cook, Betty Hahn, T.C. Cannon, Fritz Scholder, Frederick O'Hara, Melanie Yazzie, Adja Yunkers and previously unpublished works by other artists such as Tesuque Pueblo artist Juan Pino, Margaret Herrera Chávez, Tina Fuentes, Yoshiko Shimano, Ruth Connely, Leon Loughridge, and Scott Parker." Accessed 2/17

Dorothy Peterson: Painting New Mexico is a 2017 exhibit at the Roswell Museum and Art Center which says: "From landscapes to still life, Peterson's paintings span a range of subject matter, underscoring her mastery of this challenging medium. What all these works share, however, is a love for the history, geography and cultures of New Mexico."  Accessed 8/17

Everyday People: The Photography of Clarence E. Redman is a 2018 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "The Redman collection from Photo Archives captures the everyday life of people in Albuquerque in the 1940s and 1950s."  Also see photos in New Mexico Digital Collections Accessed 12/18

Embroidered History: Colchas and the Stitch that Defined a Region is a 2019 exhibit at the Harwood Museum, University of New Mexico hich says: "Spanning continents and centuries, the Northern New Mexican colcha is a journey of craft, culture, and geopolitics that is defined by the hands of New Mexican women.  Colchas are embroidered textiles or blankets whose origins have been traced as far back as the 16th-century when New Mexico was New Spain, and expeditions packed with Iberian textiles were making their way up the Rio Grande Valley." Also see 37 minute video Colcha Circle: A stitch in Northern New Mexico Culture  Accessed 11/19 

Harold Joe Waldrum: Las Sombras is a 2019 exhibit at the Tucson Museum of Art which says: "Harold Joe Waldrum (1934-2003) was a painter, etcher, photographer, author, and teacher, as well as an activist for the preservation of historic churches." Also see artist website  Accessed 1/20

The Harwood Collection: Work by Women is a 2018 exhibit at the Harwood Museum of the University of New Mexico which says: "This is a museum-wide exhibition of art by women in the collections of the Harwood Museum of Art. The artists in Work by Women are pioneers. They are stewards of the living legacy of Taos Arts, described by Harwood director Richard Tobin as "a complex narrative shaped over centuries by the confluence of Native American, Hispano and Anglo cultures against the towering landscape of Taos."" Also see entry in Beyond Taos blog Accessed 3/18

"How the Santa Fe Art Colony Began." by Suzanne Deats, from Collector's Guide. Accessed August, 2015.

How the West Is One: The Art of New Mexico, an exhibit held April 20, 2007 - February 19, 2012 at the Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe. Includes audio. Accessed March, 2015.

The Leekya Family: Master Carvers of Zuni Pueblo is a 2017 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "Marketed primarily by regional Indian art traders around the area of Gallup, New Mexico, Leekya Deyuse (known as Leekya) emerged in the early- to mid- 1900s as Zuni Pueblo's most famous commercial carver." Also see 6/17/17 article in Albuquerque Journal.  Accessed 8/17

Los Cinco Pintores from Accessed August, 2015.

Los Ochos Pintores from Accessed August, 2015.

Looking Back: Interactions, an exhibit held January 25 through May 12, 2002 at the Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe. Accessed March, 2015

Mabel Dodge Luhan and the Remarkable Women of Taos by Darlene Dueck, curator for The Anschutz Collection, from The Mabel Dodge Luhan House. Accessed August, 2015

Nora Naranjo Morse: Gathering Ground is a 2019 exhibit at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center at Colorado College which says: "Throughout her career as a sculptor, Nora Naranjo Morse has confronted contradictions between what she knows as a Kha P?o (Santa Clara Pueblo) woman and what she observes in the world. As a young artists, she began to move away from working on traditional pottery when she understood how the art market commodified Pueblo culture. Naranjo Morse took up the role of cultural critic, addressing the impact of Westernization within her Tewa community."   Accessed 2/20

"'New Deal' Art in New Mexico, by Kathryn Flynn, from Collector's Guide. Accessed August, 2015.

New Mexico Capitol Art Collection Accessed 5/17

New Mexico (sampling of artists and works connected to state) from askArt. Accessed August, 2015.

New Mexico Art Tells New Mexico History, a website from the New Mexico Museum of Art. Inlcudes themes with images of artworks and artist biographies. Accessed March, 2015.

New Mexico State Capitol Art Collection from Collector's Guide. Accessed August, 2015.

Russell Lee's FSA photography in New Mexico is a 2019 exhibit at the New Mexico Museum of Art which says: "Photographer Russell Lee created some of his finest work while traveling the United States for the Farm Security Administration. Among the communities he documented in New Mexico were Hobbs, Holman, Peñasco, Taos, Wagon Mound, and Quemado."  Accessed 12/19

"Santa Fe 400th: Creative to our core."by Douglas Fairfield, art historian, educator, and former curator for the Albuquerque Museum of Art & History, was published online in The Santa Fe New Mexican, website August 1, 2010. The article discusses New Mexico art history from prehistoric rock art to more recent times. Accessed August, 2015.

Southwestern Allure: The Art of the Santa Fe Art Colony, held October 8, 2013 - December 29, 2013 at the Boca Museum of Art, and subsequently held from April 25, 2014 - July 27, 2014 at the New Mexico Museum of Art. Accessed August, 2015.

The Taos Municipal Schools Historic Art Collection, an exhibit held September 21, 2013 - January 26, 2014 at the Harwood Museum of Art, University of New Mexico. Includes 85-page .pdf file describinbg the collection. Accessed January, 2015.

Painters in Taos, New Mexico Prior to 1940 from askArt. Accessed August, 2015

Picturing Passion: Artists Interpret the Penitente Brotherhood is a 2019 exhibit at the New Mexico Museum of Art which says: "The exhibition illustrates how artists who were new to the Southwest in the early part of the 20th century looked to Moradas, Penitente processions, traditions, and material culture as source material for their work and as a distinctive feature of New Mexican culture."  Accessed 12/19

Taos Moderns is a 2016-17 exhibit at the Albuquerque Museum, which says:"Confluence of cultures and perspectives in Taos seen in Albuquerque Museum's exhibition of works on paper.... Modernism was a cultural movement that triumphed by the middle of the last century. It prioritized personal experience, social consciousness, awareness of essential impulses, and novelty of form and expression. The works in Taos Moderns demonstrate various ways such issues were addressed." Accessed 11/16 Also see Taos Moderns from Harwood Museum. Accessed 11/16

Tesoros de Devoción (Treasures of Devotion) is a website presented by New Mexico History Museum, a division of the New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs. It features devotional objects created in New Mexico and biographical information on the artists who created them. The site contains three interpretative videos, a curriculum and other texts. Accessed March, 2015. Accessed March, 2015.

Thinking New Mexico: A Centennial Exhibition, an exhibit held May 25 -  September 1, 2012 at New Mexico State University Art Gallery, Williams Hall. Includes Thinking New Mexico: 1912-2012, an exhibit catalog in .pdf form. Accessed March, 2015.

The Taos Society of Artists by Ernest L. Blumenschein, (via Google Books: full view) Original from Harvard University, The American Magazine of Art, By American Federation of Arts , published 1916, v.8 (1916-1917). Digitized Jul 2, 2007. Accessed August, 2015.

Virgil Ortiz: Revolution - Rise Against the Invasion is a 2018 exhibit at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center at Colorado College which says: "Ortiz's Revolt storyline transports the viewer back more than 300 years to the historical events of the 1680 Pueblo Revolt, and then hurtles forward through time to the year of 2180 -- introducing a cast of characters along the way."   Also see artist's website.  Accessed 11/18

Women Artist Pioneers of New Mexico, by Dottie Indyke. from Collector's Guide. Accessed August, 2015.

The Albuquerque Museum posted in 2016 a 9 min video interview of Curator of Art Andrew Connors for the installation of Common Ground: Art in New Mexico. The museum says: "Common Ground celebrates the diverse creativity of artists living in or influenced by this region. Drawn from the Museum's permanent collection of almost 10,000 works of art, Common Ground includes masterworks by artists including Georgia O'Keeffe, Ernest Blumenschein, Raymond Jonson, Fritz Scholder, Luis Jimenez, Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, and Diego Romero." Accessed 11/16

The Museum of Indian Arts and Culture website includes a link to the museum's YouTube channel. The channel contains numerous videos featuring Native American speakers. Accessed May, 2015.

From the Museum of International Folk Art, the online exhibition Sin Nombre: Hispana and Hispano Artists of the New Deal Era includes the curator's video introduction of the exhibition. Accessed May, 2015.

New Mexico History Museum presents Tesoros de Devoción (Treasures of Devotion), a website that features devotional objects created in New Mexico and biographical information on the artists who created them. The site contains three interpretative videos by the curator on the exhibit. from Collector's Guide. Accessed August, 2015.


TFAO's Distinguished Artists catalogue provides online access to biographical information for artists associated with this state. Also, Search Resource Library for online articles and essays concerning both individual artists associated with this state's history and the history of art centers and museums in this state. Resource Library articles and essays devoted to individual artists and institutions are not listed on this page.


Books, listed by year of publication, with most recently published book listed first:

Stark Museum of Art: Taos Portfolio. Orange, TX: Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation, 2001. Catalogue featuring the works of artists who established an artistic colony in Taos, New Mexico in the early twentieth century. Artists include Bert Greer Phillips, Ernest Leonard Blumenschein, Joseph Henry Sharp, Eanger Irving Couse, William Herbert Dunton and others.

Art in New Mexico 1900-1945: Paths to Taos And Santa Fe by Charles C. Eldredge, Julie Schimmel, William H. Truettner, Smithsonian Press, Washington, D.C., 1988

The Song of the Loom: New Traditions in Navajo Weaving, By Frederick J. Dockstader, Montclair Art Museum. Published 1987 by Hudson Hills Press in association with the Montclair Art Museum. Indian textile fabrics. 130 pages. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Nov 5, 2007. Gives eighty-three examples of contemporary Navajo textile pieces.

Masterworks of the Taos Founders by Margaret Morris, Peters Corporation, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1984

The Santa Fe and Taos Colonies by Arrell M. Gibson, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 1983

Painters in Taos: THE FORMATIVE YEARS: THE HARRISON EITELJORG COLLECTION, By Harrison Eiteljorg, (Mo.) Springfield, Phoenix Art Museum, Art Museum, Salt Lake Art Center, Salt Lake Art Center, Springfield, (Mo.). Art Museum, Phoenix Art Museum. Published by Phoenix Art Museum, 1980. 54 pages. Google Books says: "Exhibition held at Phoenix Art Museum, Feb. 22 - Apr. 13, 1980; Salt Lake Art Center, June 20 - Aug. 3, 1980; Springfield Art Museum, Nov. 15 - Dec. 27, 1981 and others"

Taos and Santa Fe: the Artist Environment by Van Deren Coke, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1963

History of New Mexico: Its Resources and People, by George B. Anderson, Pacific States Publishing Co. Published by Pacific States Pub. Co., 1907, Item notes: v.1. Original from the University of California. Digitized Jun 9, 2007. 1047 pages [full view at Google Books]

Taos Artists and Their Patrons, 1898-1950, by Dean A. Porter, Teresa Hayes Ebie, Suzan Campbell



Michael R. Grauer: "Neighbors: Texas Artists in New Mexico" American Art Review July-August 2003 (Volume XV, Number 4)

Michael R. Grauer: "The Founding of the Santa Fe Art Colony" American Art Review July-August 2004 (Volume XVI, Number 4)

Michael R. Grauer: "Women Artists of Santa Fe" American Art Review September-October 2004 (Volume XVI, Number 5)

Dean A. Porter: "The Taos Art Museum & Fechin House" American Art Review March-April 2004 (Volume XVI, Number 2) -- see reprint from Taos Art Mseum

Dean A. Porter and Jochen Wierich: "The Taos Society of Artists & Ancient Cultures" American Art Review July-August 2005 (Volume XVII, Number 4)

Cynthia Roznoy: American Art Review "Modernists in (New) Mexico," November 96

Joseph Traugott: "How the West is One: The Art of New Mexico" American Art Review May-June 2007 (Volume XIX, Number 3)

Ellen Zieselman: "The Founding of the Taos Art Colony" American Art Review March-April 1999 (Volume XI, Number 2)


DVD/VHS Videos:

Living Portraits: New Mexico Artists & Writers. "This DVD is a series of three, short films. They feature interviews with the artists, examples of their work, and footage of places and activities important to their lives. A discussion guide accompanies each film to assist teachers and others in fully considering the issues raised in the films." Text courtesy of Museum of New Mexico Foundation. Available through the Fine Arts Museum, Santa Fe

Promises Kept: WPA Art Treasures of New Mexico [26:32] In small towns across New Mexico are treasures from one of New Mexico's great artistic periods. For years they have been hidden away in schools, post offices and court houses. Promises Kept rediscovers our WPA artistic heritage by interviewing some of the remaining WPA artists such as Pablita Velarde and by looking closely at the artists and artworks themselves. The goal: to form a new respect, appreciation and to help preserve this treasures for generations to come. Funded in part by New Mexico Arts, a division of the Office of Cultural Affairs and the National Endowment for the Arts and the National New Deal Art Restoration Task Force. Orginally broadcast on New Mexico PBS station KNME. Text courtesy of YouTube. View the video in it's entirety here. View Part 1 [07:20], Part 2 [10:25], Part 3 [07:55]

Santeros = Saintmakers. Documents the lifestyle and attitudes of five New Mexican artisans who continue the 300 year-old traditions of the earliest santeros. 33 min. Video/C 1341 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.

For videos on individual artists see: Rocky Mountain and Southwest Painting and Sculpture: 19th-21st Century

Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in this catalogue. TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos.


Often painted historic churches in New Mexico:


(above from left to right, Church No. 1 on High Road to Taos, 2015, Church No. 2 on High Road to Taos, 2015. All photos © 2015 by Barbara Hazeltine)

Do you know of additional sources whether online or paper-printed? TFAO welcomes your suggestions. Please send them to:

TFAO wishes to extend thanks to Lucy Perera, Curator Of Education & Public Programs at the Harwood Museum of Art of UNM, for her suggestion regarding information contained in this page.

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