Indiana Art History

with an emphasis on representational art



This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Indiana Art History." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to the articles and essays.

Following the links to Resource Library articles and essays are a listing of museums in the state which have provided materials to Resource Library for this or any other topic.

Listed after Resource Library articles, essays and museums are links to online resources outside the TFAO website. Following these resources is information about offline resources including DVDs, paper-printed books, journals and articles. Our goal is to present complete knowledge relating to this section of Topics in American Art.

We recommend that researchers always search within Resource Library for additional material. Please see TFAO's page How to research topics not listed for more information.

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Texts contained in Resource Library by named authors listed by author name in alphabetical order:

A Walk in the Woods: The Art of John Elwood Bundy by William H. Gerdts covering the Richmond (Indiana) School

The Departure by Martin Krause (the Hoosier artists)

Indiana Realities: Regionalist Painting 1930-1945 from the Robert L. and Ellen E. Haan Collection by Rachel Berenson Perry

Indiana Women Artists: Then and Now by Rachel Berenson Perry

Making It in the Midwest: Artists Who Chose to Stay by Rachel Berenson Perry

200 Years of Indiana Art: A Cultural Legacy by Mark Ruschman


Articles contained in Resource Library without named authors listed by article name in alphabetical order:

Creating History: Indiana's Historic Women Artists

Heartland Art: Selections from Your Indiana Collection

The Herron School of Art Centennial: Students and Teachers, 1902-1950

Hoosier Light: The Impressionists of Indiana

Illinois Artists Paintings and Drawings

Making It in the Midwest: Artists Who Chose to Stay


Museums and other non-profit sources of Resource Library articles and essays:

Please click on the name of each source to view articles and essays related to that source:

Atelier Indiana: The Atelier Experience

Eiteljorg Museum

Fort Wayne Museum of Art

Greater Lafayette Museum of Art

Indianapolis Museum of Art

Indiana Historical Society

Indiana State Museum

Indiana University Art Museum

Lafayette College Galleries

Midwest Museum of American Art


Purdue University Galleries

Richard E. Peeler Art Center at DePauw University

Richmond Art Museum

Snite Museum of Art

Swope Art Museum


Other online information:

Art and Artists of Indiana, by Mary Quick Burnet. Published by Century, 1921. Original from the University of California. Digitized Oct 22, 2007. 448 pages. Google Books full view. Accessed August, 2015.

ArtSmart: Indiana is a "free, web-based program that public and private school educators use to teach the history of our state through the work of its artists. The Art Museum of Greater Lafayette created the program in 1986 and has supported it's growth to become a premier free program that meets Indiana's Academic Standards for fourth-grade Social Studies, integrating language arts, math, science and media studies." according to AMGL.The site contains biographies of numerous historic artists. Accessed 1/17

Brown County Art Colony from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Early Brown County Artists from Illinois, by Joanne Nesbit, from Our Brown County magazine. Accessed August, 2015.

Everything is Fine: Purdy Eaton is a 2016-17 exhibit at the Art Museum of Greater Lafayette which says: "Growing up on a farm in the rural Midwest the landscape has always been a focal point, but it wasn't until moving to the city that the impact and significance of the Indiana landscape became clear. "Everything is Fine" explores the once great and still beloved American landscape and the re-imagined freedom of the open road." Also see artist website and press release from Nancy Hoffman Gallery. Accessed 1/17

Fine Estate Art is a dealer in vintage Indiana art. It's website contains biographies of numerous Indiana artists. Accessed August, 2015.

From Munich to Brown County: The Life and Artwork of T.C. Steele is a 2017 exhibit at the Richard E. Peeler Art Center at DePauw University which says: "A master of capturing both landscape and the human figure in oil paint, Steele was instrumental in establishing the Brown County Artist Colony near Nashville, Indiana." Also see 2017 American Art Review article. Accessed 5/17

Haan Mansion Museum is dedicated Art and Artists of Indiana including The Hoosier Group and the Brown County Art Colony. Accessed 12/16

The Hamilton County School of Illustration from Indiana Historical Bureau blog (go to page 2), which says: "The notion of a common group was first brought up in the Noblesville High School annual in 1904 when they noticed how many alumni were going on to artistic careers. The group got a name from a February 2, 1913, article in the Indianapolis Star which reported on a book that one member had illustrated and used the phrase "Noblesville School Forges to the Front Again." (This is actually a misnomer - some of the artists were from towns like Carmel. Noblesville was just the largest community in the area.)" Accessed September, 2016.

Hoosier Group from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Hoosier Salon has held exhibits since 1925. An Annual Exhibition is shown annually at the Indiana State Museum. Accessed August, 2015.

Hoosier Salon from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Hoosier School of Painters in Art and Progress from Google Books. Published by American Federation of Arts, 1911, Item notes: v. 2 (Nov. 1910-Oct. 1911), page 200. Original from the New York Public Library. Digitized Jun 17, 2008. Accessed August, 2015

Impressions of Love: J. Ottis and Winifred Brady Adams is a 2019 exhibit at the David Owsley Museum of Art, Ball State University  which says: "The David Owsley Museum of Art commemorates Ball State University's centennial by celebrating the art and marriage of noted Indiana Impressionist painters John Ottis Adams (1851-1927) and Winifred Brady Adams (1871-1955)."   Accessed 10/19

Indiana Art Collector website lists historic Indiana artists. Accessed August, 2015.

Indiana Art Online website has biographies of historic Brown County, Richmond Group amd Hoosier Group artists. Accessed August, 2015.

Indiana artists collected by Kevin Daniel, from Kevin Daniel. Accessed August, 2015.

Indiana (sampling of artists and works connected to state) from askArt. Accessed August, 2015.

The Indiana Dunes Revealed: The Art of Frank V. Dudley by Frank V. Dudley, James R. Dabbert. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1998-), review by David M. Sokol in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1998-) Vol. 102, No. 2 (Summer, 2009), pp. 205-207, from jstor. Accessed August, 2015.

The Indiana Dunes Revisited: Frank V. Dudley and the 1917 Dunes Pageant is a 2017 exhibit at the Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso University. A 11/2/17 Chicago Tribune article says: "Dudley, who died in 1957, painted the Indiana Dunes for more than 40 years and his artist studio was located in a small building nestled along Lake Michigan amidst the same scenes that inspired his paintings." Accessed 7/18

Indiana Illustrators & Hoosier Cartoonists, a blog by Terence E. Hanley, contains numerous online biographies of Indiana artists. Accessed August, 2015.

Indiana Statehouse Public Art Collection - from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Muncie Art School from Accessed August, 2015.

New Harmony Arts Community from Accessed August, 2015.

Overbeck Pottery from Museum of Overbeck Art Pottery. Accessed August, 2015.

Overbeck Sisters from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Paintings by Frank V. Dudley from the James Moeller Collection is a 2016 exhibit at the Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso University Gregg Hertzlieb, Director/Curator, says: "Eleven paintings from various periods of the career of Frank V. Dudley (1868-1957) appear in this exhibition that highlights the fine works acquired over the years by Midwest collector James Moeller. Through key early works to later light-filled landscape scenes, Dudley is well represented by beautiful and significant paintings that expand on the legacy and understanding of this legendary Dunes artist." Accessed 5/17

Richmond Group (also known as the Richmond School) from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Sand & Steel: Visions of Our Indiana is a 2017 exhibit at South Shore Arts. IBC says: "This exhibit will consist of artwork inspired by the beauty of the Indiana Dunes beginning in the early 20th century, the industry that followed, and the ecological balance struck between the two with the creation of the federally-protected park in 1966." Also see the exhibit brochure. Accessed 5/17

Single G Mural at the Cambridge City, Indiana Post Office from waynet. Accessed August, 2015.

1026 West Berry Street: The Fort Wayne Art School is a 2018 exhibit at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art which says: "This exhibition is a celebration and exploration of the birth and development of the Fort Wayne Art School in its century as a downtown Fort Wayne cultural entity."   Also see press release. Accessed 12/18

200 Years of Indiana Art: A Cultural Legacy is an exhibit held March 19 through October 2, 2016 at the Indiana State Museum. A March 23, 2016 article from Department of Studio Art at Indiana University describes the exhibit. Accessed August, 2016.


TFAO's Distinguished Artists catalogue provides online access to biographical information for artists associated with this state. Also, Search Resource Library for online articles and essays concerning both individual artists associated with this state's history and the history of art centers and museums in this state. Resource Library articles and essays devoted to individual artists and institutions are not listed on this page.


Books, listed by year of publication, with most recently published book listed first:

The Indiana Dunes Revealed: The Art of Frank V. Dudley, by James R. Dabbert. University of Illinois Press, 2006. Google books says:"... The Indiana Dunes Revealed offers the first comprehensive examination of a widely collected, much loved, and ecologically significant artist. Described by art historian William Gerdts as "one of the finest painters working in the Midwest in the first decades of the twentieth century," Frank V. Dudley (1868-1957) was a native of Wisconsin who studied at the Art Institute of Chicago before going on to establish a long exhibition record both there and across the country. He also dedicated over forty years of his professional life as a landscape painter to the promotion and preservation the Indiana Dunes. Today, thanks in part to Dudley's efforts, this unique geographical region enjoys state and federal protection and provides ecologists from around the world with a living laboratory unlike anything else. The Indiana Dunes Revealed serves as the accompanying catalogue for the exhibition of Dudley's work showing from August 15 to November 30, 2006 at the Brauer Museum of Art at Valparaiso University... it celebrates Dudley's unique artistic legacy, documents the exhibition, and demonstrates the painter's importance to environmentalists and naturalists, especially during the many years of national debate over the designation of parts of the dunes as a national park. In some areas, Dudley's painting may be the only record of a lost dunescape, and as the struggle between development and preservation continues, his enduring art reminds us of the need for a sustainable environment for the Great Lakes."

Skirting the Issue: Stories of Indiana's Historical Women Artists, by Judith Vale Newton. 390 pages. Publisher: Indiana Historical Society (October 2004). ISBN-10: 0871951770. ISBN-13: 978-0871951779. Product Description: "According to the ethos of the late 1800s and early 1900s, a woman's natural destiny was to be a wife, mother, and guardian of the virtues of hearth and home. Some women wanted more, however, and despite cultural expectations chose to explore their creativity and seek training in art. Often at considerable social cost these women exchanged washboards, ovens, and mending baskets for the challenges of a piece of canvas or block of stone. In Skirting the Issue, authors Judith Vale Newton and Carol Ann Weiss present dozens of women from Indiana who chose this route. The authors include a biographical dictionary detailing the lives of one hundred of the state's historical women artists, and they single out nearly forty of them for further examination in detailed essays. They describe the challenges the artists faced, the sacrifices they had to make, and the varying degrees of success they met, and they present numerous examples of the artists' work. While this first-of-a-kind book focuses on Indiana women specifically, its stories offer excellent insights into the culture and values of the greater Midwest-and the nation at large-in the decades before and after the turn of the twentieth century. Skirting the Issue includes more than two hundred images, including full-color reproductions of artworks and black-and-white photographs of the artists themselves." (text courtesy of

The Herron Chronicle, By Harriet Garcia Warkel, Martin F. Krause, S. L. Berry, Herron School of Art. Published by Indiana University Press, 2003. ISBN 0253342376, 9780253342379. 283 pages. Google Books says: "The Herron Chronicle traces the history of the Herron School of Art at Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis, celebrating its centennial year in 2002-2003. Founded as a private school and fine arts collection in 1902, the Herron School today is a vital part of Indiana University, offering bachelor's and master's degrees in fine arts, visual communication, art education, and art history. In 1967, Herron's museum component became the Indianapolis Museum of Art. Three essays covering important events in the school's history are accompanied by 70 color reproductions of works of art and 60 black-and-white historical photos. The Herron Chronicle provides an engaging account of the development of the arts community in Indianapolis during the 20th century. Traces the institutional history of fine arts in Indianapolis from the founding of the Herron School of Art in 1902 to the present."

Who Put that There?: Outdoor Sculptures of Fort Wayne, By Saint Jude Catholic School (Fort Wayne, St. Jude Catholic School (Fort Wayne, Ind.) Published by Saint Jude Catholic School, 1998. 86 pages. Google Books says: "A school research project funded by the Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana, the Indiana Humanities Council, and the National Endowment fro Humanities. Research completed by Grades K-8."

A Simple and Vital Design: The Story of the Indiana Post Office Murals, by John C. Carlisle (Author), Darryl Jones (Photographer). 110 pages. Indiana University Press (November 1995). ISBN-10: 087195110X. ISBN-13: 978-0871951106. Product Description: "In the 1930s the Public Works of Art Project of the Treasury Department started a program "to secure suitable art of the best quality for the embellishment of public buildings." Post offices built under the New Deal were among the beneficiaries of this program. In Indiana, thirty-six of the thirty-seven original murals still exist. The color photography by Darryl Jones, a noted Indianapolis photographer, brings the murals to life." (text courtesy of

The Artists of Brown County by Lyn Letsinger-Miller. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Those Brown County Artists: The Ones Who Came the Ones Who Stayed the Ones Who Moved On, by M. Joanne Nesbit, ed., Barbara Judd, comp. Nashville: Nana's Book, 1993.

A Grand Tradition: The Hoosier Salon Art & Artists, 1925-1990, By Judith Vale Newton, Carol Weiss, Carol Ann Weiss, Hoosier Salon Patrons Association. Contributor Corbin Patrick. Published by Hoosier Salon Patrons Association, 1993. ISBN 0963836005, 9780963836007. 500 pages

The Passage (Return of Indiana Painters from Germany, 1880-1905), by Indianapolis Museum of Art. Publisher: Indianapolis Museum of Art (1990). ISBN-10: 0936260548. ISBN-13: 978-0936260549. See The Departure by Martin Krause (the Hoosier artists)

Hoosier Group: Five American Painters, By Marjorie V. Wilson, Newton, Judith Vale Newton, Jane Eckert, Henry Eckert, William H Gerdts. Published by Eckert Pubns, 1985. ISBN 0961499206, 9780961499204. 168 pages

The Best Years: Indiana Paintings of the Hoosier Group, 1880-1915 - Theodore C. Steele, John Ottis Adams, William Forsyth, Otto Stark, Richard Gruelle : October 11, 1985-March 16, 1986, Indiana State Museum, By J. Ronald Newlin, William Forsyth, Indiana State Museum, Indiana State Museum. Published by The Museum, 1985 22 pages

Realities and Impressions: Indiana Artists in Munich 1880-1890 - Indianapolis Museum of Art September 12-December 29, 1985, By Martin F. Krause, Mary Elizabeth Steele, Indianapolis Museum of Art. Published by Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1985. 48 pages

Side by Side with Coarser Plants: The Muncie Art Movement, 1885-1985, By Ned H. Griner. Published by Ball State University, 1985. 164 pages

Indiana Influence The Golden Age of Indiana Landscape Painting, Indiana's Modern Legacy an Inaugural Exhibition of the Fort Wayne Museum of Art, 8 April-24 June 1984 by Peter Frank, William H. Gerdts, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Independent Curators Incorporated (1984)

Exhibition of the Irvington Group of Artists, 1928-1937: Hilton U. Brown Library, November 9, 10, 11, 1984, By Indianapolis-Marion County Public Library, Irvington Historical Society. Published by Irvington Historical Society, 1984. 38 pages

Art Smart, Indiana: A resource guide to Indiana arts, featuring the historical and contemporary works of Indiana artists from 1800 to the present: slides and resource guide, by Susan O Chavers. Greater Lafayette Museum of Art (1984).

A Century of Indiana Art 1800-1900, by Eckert Jane & Henry Antiques. Eckert Jane & Henry Antiques (1982).

Pioneer Hoosier Painting: November 12, 1982-January 2, 1983 : a Century of Painting in Indiana, By Fort Wayne Museum of Art. Published by Fort Wayne Museum of Art, 1982. 21 pages

Hoosier Artists, Family & Friends: [an Exhibition] Selected from the Private Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Wise, Union City, Indiana, By Richard Wise, Indiana Art Circuit. Published by Indiana Art Circuit, 1980

Impressionistic Trends in Hoosier Painting: Catalogue and Exhibition, By Art Center (South Bend, Ind.), Judy Oberhausen. Published by Art Center, 1979, 60 pages. Google Books says: "Exhibition schedule: Art Center, Inc., South Bend, Indiana, November 10, 1979 to December 30, 1979."

Art in Richmond, 1898-1978, By Art Association of Richmond (Richmond, IN). Published by Art Association of Richmond, 1978

Mirages of Memory: 200 Years of Indiana Art : an Exhibition ... Indianapolis Museum of Art, November 6, 1976-January 2, 1977, Art Gallery, University of Notre Dame, January 16-March 20, 1977, By Indianapolis Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame Art Gallery. Published by Indianapolis Museum of Art., 1977. Orriginal from the University of Michigan. Digitized Nov 8, 2007. 20 pages

Drawings by the Hoosier Group: [exhibition] Art Gallery, Ball State University, Muncie, Ind., December 5, 1976 Through January 31, 1977, By Ball State University, Art Gallery. Published by The University, 1976. 19 pages. Google Books says: "An exhibition made possible in part through a grant from the Indiana Arts Commission and the National Endowment for the Arts."

Brown County Art and Artists, By Nashville Psi Iota Xi, Ind, Inc Brown County Art Guild, Brown County Art Gallery Association. Published by Psi Iota Xi Sorority, 1971. Google Books says: "The Brown County Art Gallery Association, Inc. and the Brown County Art Guild, Inc. joined with the Brown County chapter of Psi Iota Xi Sorority to make this book possible."

Northwest Coast Indiana Art an Analysis of Form, by Bill Holm. 115 pages. University of Washigton Press; 2nd edition (1970).

The First Hundred Years of Indiana Painting: Indiana Sesquicentennial Celebration, By John Herron Art Institute, John Herron Art Institute. Published by Art Association of Indianapolis, 1966. 43 pages. Google Books says: "Catalog of an exhibition, October 4-November 13, 1966, Herron Museum of Art, Indianapolis."

Pioneer Painters of Indiana, By Wilbur David Peat. Published by Art Association of Indianapolis, Indiana, 1954. 254 pages

Indiana Art in the Permanent Collection of the John Herron Art Museum, by Indiana The Art Association of Indianapolis 1951

Art Guide to Indiana: From an Art Survey by the Indiana Federation of Art Clubs, Containing Directory of Indiana Artists and Indiana Collectors, By Indiana Federation of Art Clubs, Mary Quick Burnet, Avis Tarrant Burke. 1931, Original from the University of Wisconsin - Madison. Digitized Sep 20, 2007. 184 pages. Google Books says: "Compiled, organized, and prepared by Mrs. H. B. Burnet ... and Mrs. Robert E. Burke."

Art and Artists of Indiana, By Mary Quick Burnet. Published by Century, 1921. Original from the University of California. Digitized Oct 22, 2007. 448 pages. Google Books says: "Who's who in art; Indiana painters, sculptors, and illustrators." Google Books offers a Full View of this book.

Five Hoosier Painters: Being a Discussion of the Holiday Exhibit of the Indianapolis Group in Chicago, By Charles Francis Brown, Hamlin Garland, Lorado Taft, Central Art Association (Chicago, Critical triumvirate. Published by Central Art Association, 1894. Google Books says: "Dialogue discussion among novelist (Hamlin Garland), conservative painter (Charles Francis Browne) and sculptor (Lorado Taft). Cf. their Impressions of impressionism, 1894"



Rachel Perry: American Art Review "The Artists of Brown County: An American Art Colony" December 94 -January 95

Rachel Perry: "Indiana Women Artists: Then and Now" American Art Review January-February 2005 (Volume XVII, Number 1)

Dean A. Porter: "25th Anniversary of the Snite Museum of Art" American Art Review November-December 2005 (Volume XVII, Number 6)

Harriet G. Warkel: "Indiana Paintings from the Lilly Endowment Collection" American Art Review January-February 2003 (Volume XV, Number 1)

Harriet G. Warkel: "American Paintings at the Indianapolis Museum of Art" American Art Review May-June 2005 (Volume XVII, Number 3)

Harriet G. Warkel: "The Herron School of Art Centennial" American Art Review November-December 2002 (Volume XIV, Number 6)

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