Editor's note: The Lyman Allyn Art Museum provided source material to Resource Library for the following article or essay. If you have questions or comments regarding the source material, please contact Lyman Allyn Art Museum directly through either this phone number or web address:



 

At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch

October 12, 2007 - February 25, 2008

 

Lyman Allyn Art Museum is presenting the exhibition, At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch. The exhibition opened at Lyman Allyn Art Museum on October 12, 2007 and runs through February 25, 2008. The show then travels to the Newington-Cropsey Foundation in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, where it will be on view March 17 through May 31, 2008. (right: Christopher Cranch, Niagara: American Falls: Oil on canvas, 1853, 17 x 23 inches, Private collection)

Despite a fifty-year career as a landscape painter, Christopher Cranch's paintings are little known. Instead, he is best known for his poetry, his ties to the New England Transcendentalists, and, above all, his playful caricature of Ralph Waldo Emerson as an enormous "transparent" eyeball, perched atop a minuscule body in top hat and tails, optic nerve tied in a pony tail. From his first reading of Emerson's Nature essay (1836), Cranch was inspired to explore Transcendental concepts through visual means; although ultimately it was painting, not caricature, that provided the ideal vehicle for him. Transcribing nature onto canvas became an act of devotion. Like Thoreau writing of the daily trials of life on Walden Pond, Cranch also attempted, in his landscapes, to express the correspondence between nature and spiritual concepts. His brand of Transcendentalism bypasses the quiet, "transparent" aspect to celebrate a nature that is filled with the flux and continual shifting that Emerson and Thoreau also celebrated in their writings. C. P. Cranch was intimate with some of the most innovative thinkers in America and counted among his friends Margaret Fuller, Ralph Waldo Emerson, George William Curtis, and James Russell Lowell. This study considers Cranch not only as a Hudson River School artist, but also as a participant in the history of ideas, a multi-faceted individual who merged intellectual and artistic life. (left: Christopher Cranch, Transparent Eyeball (from Emerson's "Nature") From Cranch's "Scraps" book, Ink on paper c.1839 9 34 x 7 5/8 inches, Private collection)

At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch is part of the ongoing celebration during 2007 marking the museum's 75th anniversary. Thanks to the generosity of benefactor Harriet Upson Allyn, Lyman Allyn Art Museum opened in 1932 as a place for local citizens to learn about art and culture. The museum has always made part of its mission to respond and to appeal to the regional community.

In that spirit, Lyman Allyn Art Museum has planned an exciting schedule of programs to accompany the exhibition. The programs are designed to appeal to and to engage people of all ages and to make the humanities themes of the exhibition easily accessible.

 

Exhibition catalogue

The exhibition is accompanied by a 208-page exhibition catalogue; At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813 - 1892). The Foreword is written by Barbara Novak, Professor Emerita at Columbia University, one of the most influential theorists on American art. Nancy Stula, Curator and Deputy Director of the Lyman Allyn Art Museum, and David M. Robinson, Distinguished Professor of American Literature at Oregon State University authored the catalogue essays.

 

(above: exhibition catalogue, front and back cover, for At Home and Abroad: The Transcendental Landscapes of Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813 - 1892).

 

Please click here to view wall panel text for the exhibition.

Please click here to view the chronology for Christopher Pearse Cranch

 

Checklist of the exhibition

Paintings by Christopher Pearse Cranch
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Man with Two Cows (1844) oil on canvas, 19 x 26 inches, Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, Massachusetts
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Autumn Landscape with Boy Fishing (1845) oil on canvas, 26 x 36 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Rome (1847) oil on paper, 8 _ x 15 3/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Woman in red costume] (Dec., 1846) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Praying monk] (Dec. 7, 1846) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Stick carrier] (Feb. 3, 1847) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Shepherd with crook] (1847) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Boy from Saracenesca] (undated) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Costume Study, Rome [Monk reading] (Jan. 29, 1847) watercolor on paper, 11 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Tivoli (1849) oil on canvas, 22 _ x 30 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape (1849) oil on canvas, 32 x 49 inches, New-York Historical Society, New York, 1945.92 Gift of Mrs. Edward Van Zandt Lane
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Fishermen and Artist Sketching (1850) oil on canvas, 17 _ x 23 1/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) River Running between Pastures (185[0]) oil on canvas, 17 _ x 23 _ inches, Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, Massachusetts
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Native American on a Cliff (undated) oil on canvas, 10 x 8 inches, Collection of Robert and Roseann Vuotto
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Mountain Landscape (c. 1850-55) oil on canvas, 17 _ x 23 _ inches, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts, Gift of Gertrude O. Tubby, Class of 1902
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Waterfall (1851) oil on canvas, 36 x 54 inches, Biggs Museum of American Art, Dover, Delaware
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) View on the Hudson (c. 1851) oil on canvas, 20 x 30 inches, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Director's Discretionary Fund
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Castle Gondolfo, Lake Albano, Italy (1852) oil on canvas, 36 1/2
x 54 _ inches, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Peaceful Evening (early 1850s) oil on canvas, 18 x 24 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Niagara: American Falls (1853) oil on canvas, 17 7/8 x 24 1/4
inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Niagara: Canadian Falls (undated) oil on canvas, 21 x 31 inches (inscribed in an oval), Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Study of Niagara, Canadian Falls (c. 1853) oil on canvas, 10 _ x 15 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Barbizon Landscape (undated) watercolor on paper, 6 7/8 x 5 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Barbizon Landscape: A Woodland Path (undated) oil on canvas, 20 x 16 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) View on the Hudson [Rondout] (1856) oil on canvas, 25 x 38 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Wooded Landscape with Sunset (1856) oil on canvas, 10.5 x 16 inches, Collection of Elizabeth E. Yohlin
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Ruins of the Roman Aqueducts [Castles in the Clouds] (c.1858) oil on paper, 8 x 13 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Ruins of the Roman Aqueducts on the Campagna (1859) oil on paper, 8 1/16 x 13 inches (loss in upper right), Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Roman Aqueducts at Sunset (c.1859) oil on paper, 4 9/16 x 8 1/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Roman Aqueducts on the Campagna (c. 1859) oil on paper, 10 _ x 15 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Couple Boating (1860) oil on canvas, 25 x 39 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Sunset Landscape (undated) oil on canvas, 15 x 30 inches, Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, Gift of Mrs. Henry R. Scott, all rights reserved
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Venice (undated) oil on canvas, 20 x 30 inches, Dr. and Mrs. James J. Korst
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Venice, a Copy after Felix Ziem (1860) oil on canvas, 25 _ x 39 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Venice, Morning Scene on the Giudecca (1860) oil on canvas, 29 _ x 48 3/16 inches, Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, Massachusetts
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Venice in Tricolors (c.1863) oil on canvas, 28 x 36 _ inches, Century Association, New York, New York
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Venice (May 15, 1863) watercolor on paper; 9 1/8 x 11 3/8 inches,
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) The Burning of Barnum's Museum (1865) oil on canvas, 30 x 48 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) [The Washington Oak, Denning's Point] Fishkill on the Hudson (1867) oil on canvas, 14 1/8 x 20 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape (1874) oil on wood panel, size 8 7/8 x 12 1/16 inches,
Ralph Waldo Emerson Memorial Association, Concord, Massachusetts
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Seascape [Nahant] (undated) oil on board, 7 _ x 10 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape by the Sea (1879) oil on canvas, 12 x 18 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) McIntyre Mountain (1885) oil on canvas, 10 x 14 inches, Private collection
 
 
 
Drawings by Christopher Pearse Cranch
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Devils (undated) pen and ink on paper, 8 x 10 inches, Mrs. Eugene DuBois, Oyster Bay, New York
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Castel Gandolfo [in Cranch's Italian Sketchbook] (June 6, 1847) pencil and ink wash on paper, 8 _ x 22 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) View from Bear Mountain, Sheffield (July, 1850) pencil on paper, 10 _ x 13 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Catskill Clove (September, 1850) pencil on paper; 15 7/8 x 10 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Catskill Clove [version 2] (September, 1850) pencil on paper; 15 7/8 x 10 1/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Catskill Clove (October 11, 1850) pencil on paper, 18 _ x 11 7/8 inches,
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Tree Study (undated) pencil and ink wash on paper; 14 x 9 1/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Waterfall (undated) charcoal and Chinese white on paper, 9 _ x 12 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Lake George with Artist Sketching (September, 1852) pencil on paper; 9 7/8 x 13 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Shandaken, New York (1853) pencil on paper, 6 _ x 9 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Rondout (July 27, 1853) pencil on paper; 12 _ x 17 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Whirlpool Niagara (August 25, 1853) pencil and Chinese white on paper, 11 5/8 x 19 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Stream at Niagara (1853) pencil and Chinese white on paper, 9 _ x 12 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Niagara (American Falls) (1853) charcoal on paper, 11 _ x 17 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Niagara (American Falls) (1853) pencil on paper, 11 _ x 17 1/2 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Barbizon Landscape [with bearded man seated] (undated) charcoal on paper, 11 x 7 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Moonlit Venice (St. Mark's) (c.1863) charcoal on paper; 11 5/8 x 12 7/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Waverly Oaks (October 28, 1874) pencil on paper; 8 _ x 15 1/8 in.
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Rocks at Annisquam (August 22, 1878) pencil on paper, 11 _ x 17 1/8 in.
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Oaks (undated) charcoal on paper, 7 x 13 inches, Private Collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Two Women by the Sea (undated) charcoal on paper; 6 1/8 x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Gate and Trees (undated.) charcoal on paper; 11 _ x 8 _ inches,
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Landscape with Ruins (April 19, 1889) charcoal on paper; 3 _ x 5 5/8 inches, Private collection
 
 
Related Objects
 
Photographs
Sherman & McHugh, New York, Photograph of Christopher Pearse Cranch (c. 1870s-1880s) 5 _ x 4 inches, Mrs. Eugene DuBois, Oyster Bay, New York
 
Brady's National Photographic Portrait Galleries, New York, Photograph of Christopher Pearse Cranch (c. 1863) 3 7/16 x 2 _ inches, Mrs. Eugene DuBois, Oyster Bay, New York
 
Gardner, Washington, D.C., Photograph of Christopher Pearse Cranch (1863) 3 7/16 x 2 _ inches, Private collection
 
Bound Album with photographs of the Cranch Family, 5 x 3 _ inches, Private collection
 
 
Sketchbooks, Journals, and Manuscripts
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Omnibus Book [Journal] (1834-1839) 12 1/8 x 7 7/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Omnibus Book vol. II [Journal] (1835-1842) 12 5/16 x 7 13/16 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Common-Place and Extract Book [Journal] (1839-1878) 12 _ x 8 _ inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Omnibus Book [Journal] (1843-1851) 9 7/8 x 8 3/8 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) "Scraps by C.P.C." [Sketchbook] (c.1845) 10 x 8 inches, Private collection
 
Small Bound Address Book , 5 _ x 3 inches, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Manuscript, "The Shadowed River: Dedicated to the Memory of A.J. Downing," pen and ink on paper, 11 _ x 7 7/16 inches, Mrs. Eugene DuBois, Oyster Bay, New York
 
 
Books and other published items
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) The Aeneid of Virgil translated into English blank verse, Boston: James R. Osgood, 1872
 
William Dean Howells (1837-1920) Venetian Life [Inscribed on title page "C. P. C[ranch] from G. W. C[urtis]"] New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1867, Private collection
 
Murray's Hand Book Northern Italy London: John Murray, 1847, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) Kobboltozo, Boston: Phillips, Sampson, and Company, 1857,
Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) The Last of the Huggermuggers, Boston: Phillips, Sampson, and Company, 1856, Private collection
 
Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-1852) A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, New York: A. O. Moore and Company, 1859, 9 _ x 6 inches, Charles E. Shain Library, Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) [Song book] Soft Brown Smiling Eyes (words by C. P. Cranch and music by F[rank] Boott), New York: G. Schirmer 1869, Private collection
 
Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892) [Song book] Bobolinks: Cantata for Children's Voices (words by C. P. Cranch and music by Carl Busch), Philadelphia: Theodore Presser, 1923, Private collection
 
 
Paintings, drawings, and sculpture by other artists
 
Asher B. Durand (1796-1886) Black Birches, Catskill Mountains (1860) oil on canvas, 23 _ x 16 _ inches, New-York Historical Society, New York, Gift of Nora Durand Woodman, 1932.30
 
Jasper Cropsey (1823-1900) Sorrento (1848) pencil and wash on paper, 10 _ x 16 inches, Lyman Allyn Art Museum, 1948.10
 
Jasper Cropsey (1823-1900) Cranch on a Pedestal in Italy (1847) oil on canvas mounted on board, 7 5/16 x 10 5/16 inches, Private collection
 
Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) Costume Study (c.1856) oil on paper, 11 _ x 18 inches, Lyman Allyn Art Museum, 1948.9
 
John F. Kensett (1818-1872) Lake George (undated) oil on canvas, 14 x 24 1/8 inches, Century Association, New York
 
Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875) The Road to Vauville and the Church at Beaumont (undated) pen and ink on paper; 4 _ x 6 _ inches, Lyman Allyn Art Museum 1965.27a (Framed with Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875)
French Landscape (undated) pen and ink on paper; 2 _ x 4 _ inches, Lyman Allyn Art Museum 1965.27b
 
Theodore Rousseau (1812-1867), attributed, Barbizon Landscape (undated) pencil on paper; 11 _ x 15 _ inches, Lyman Allyn Art Museum 1970.178
 
Hiram Powers (1805-1873) Italian Fisher Boy (1839) marble, 21 inches high, Lyman Allyn Art Museum, 1961.277



 

Images of paintings in the exhibition

(above: Christopher Cranch, Landscape with Waterfall: Oil on canvas 1851 36 x 54 inches. Biggs Museum of American Art, Dover, Delaware)

 

(above: Christopher Pearse Cranch, Study of Niagara, Canadian Falls, (1853), oil on canvas, 10 x 15 inches. . Private collection)

 


Christopher Pearse Cranch, Barbizon Landscape, (undated), watercolor on paper, 6 7/8 x 5 inches. Private collection)

 

Christopher Pearse Cranch, Landscape, (1874), oil on wood panel, 8 7/8 x 12 1/16 inches. Ralph Waldo Emerson Memorial Association, Concord, Massachusetts)

 

Christopher Pearse Cranch, Seascape [Nahant], (undated) oil on board, 7 x 10 inches. Private collection)



 

Public Events

October 12, 2007, 6-8 pm
Member Preview, Free for members, Fee for non-members.
 
October 13, 2007, 1 pm
Transcendental Nature Walk with Glenn Dreyer, Director, Conn. College Arboretum.
Walk starts at the Museum, free with Museum admission.
 
Lectures:
October 25, 2007, 6 pm
Nancy Stula, Curator & Deputy Director, Lyman Allyn Art Museum
"Before the silent smile of Nature's God": C.P. Cranch's Transcendental Paintings"
 
December 1, 2007, 6 pm
James Cook, Assoc. Professor of History, University of Michigan
"P.T. Barnum's American Museum: The Nation's First Institution of Mass Culture"
 
January 24, 2008, 6 pm
David Robinson, Distinguished Professor of American Literature,
Oregon State University
"Cranch and New England Transcendentalism"
 
February 9, 2008, 6 pm
Linda Ferber, Vice President & Museum Director, New-York Historical Society
"'An enthusiastic lover of art': Christopher Cranch, Asher B. Durand, and mid-19th-century American Landscape Painting"
 
February 24, 2008, 2 pm
Suzanne Smeaton, Gallery Director, Eli Wilner & Company
"The Art of the Edge: 19th-Century American Frames."
Reception at 3:00 pm.
 
All lectures are preceded with a wine and cheese reception at 5:00 pm.
Reservations suggested. Call 860.443.2545 x112. Fee
 
Musical Performances
November 17, 2007, 6 pm
Neely Bruce performs Ralph Waldo Emerson: Ives and the Musical Transcendental
 
February 16, 2008, 6 pm
Neely Bruce performs Henry David Thoreau: Ives and the Musical Transcendental
 
Performances held in the Museum's Library, preceded by a reception at 5:00 pm. Reservations required, call 860.443.2545 x112.
Fee
 

Children's Programs

October 13, 2007, 2 pm
Children's Nature Scavenger Hunt
Free with Museum admission.
 
October 20, 2007 1-3 pm
Caricatures Workshop
Free for Members, Fee for non-members.
November 3, 2007 1-3 pm
Caricatures Workshop
Free for Members, Fee for non-members.
 
November 4, 2007, 1-4 pm
CT Storytellers' Telebration
 
February 3, 2008, 1-4 pm
First Sunday! Free Family Day. Make landscape dioramas.

 

Films

October 13, 2007 and February 9, 2008, 3:30 pm
"The New England Transcendentalists"
 
November 25, 2007 and January 26, 2008, 1:30 p
"Hudson River School and Its Painters"
 
October 28, 2007, 1:30 pm
"Henry David Thoreau: Speaking for Nature"

 

RL readers may also enjoy:

and from the Web:

and this video:

Hudson River and its Painters, The is a 57 minute 1988 video from the Metropolitan Museum of Art Series released by Home Vision Entertainment. The mid-nineteenth century saw the growth of America's first native school of landscape painters, artists inspired by the compelling beauty of the Hudson River Valley, who portrayed this and other romantic wilderness areas with an almost mystical reverence. This 57 minute video explores the life and work of the major artists of what came to be known as the Hudson River School -- Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, Frederic Church, Albert Bierstadt, John Kensett, Jasper Cropsey, Worthington Whittredge, Sanford Gifford, and George Inness. Although its members traveled widely, the growth and development of the school were centered around New York City, and its success reflected the ambitions of the youthful American nation. It presents more than 200 paintings, prints and photographs of the period and juxtaposes them with dramatic location photography of the Hudson River area. The Hudson Company in association with The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hudson River and its Painters, The is available through the Sullivan Video Library at The Speed Art Museum which holds a sizable collection of art-related videos available to educators at no charge.

 

Links to sources of information outside of our web site are provided only as referrals for your further consideration. Please use due diligence in judging the quality of information contained in these and all other web sites. Information from linked sources may be inaccurate or out of date. TFAO neither recommends or endorses these referenced organizations. Although TFAO includes links to other web sites, it takes no responsibility for the content or information contained on those other sites, nor exerts any editorial or other control over them. For more information on evaluating web pages see TFAO's General Resources section in Online Resources for Collectors and Students of Art History. Individual pages in this catalogue will be amended as TFAO adds content, corrects errors and reorganizes sections for improved readability. Refreshing or reloading pages enables readers to view the latest update

Read more articles and essays concerning this institutional source by visiting the sub-index page for the Lyman Allyn Art Museum in Resource Library.


Visit the Table of Contents for Resource Library for thousands of articles and essays on American art.

Copyright 2007 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.