American Photorealism Art and American Hyperrealism Art
This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "American Photorealism Art and American Hyperrealism Art." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.
After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches.
We recommend that readers search within the TFAO website to find detailed information for any topic. Please see our page How to research topics not listed for more information.
Please send suggestions for additional content by sending an email to
Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order:
Richard Estes' Realism (5/6/14)
Ian Hornak: Transparent Barricades (8/20/13)
Bert Monroy, Master Artist Tribute VIII: A Digital Artist Paints With Light
Adventures in a Temperate Climate: A Retrospective of Paintings by Martin Mull (12/1/06)
Robert Bechtle: A Retrospective (12/8/05)
The Eclectic Eye: Selections from the Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation (7/27/05)
Duane Hanson: Portraits from the Heartland (4/7/05)
The Contemporary Eye (12/23/04)
Duane Hanson: Portraits (12/22/04)
Robert Bechtle: A Retrospective (11/15/04)
Duane Hanson: Portraits from the Heartland (5/12/04)
Cities of Promise: Imaging Urban California (12/20/03)
Pennsylvania Painters and the Roots of Realism, essay by Judith Hansen O'Toole (8/2/01)
To Be Real, by Richard J. Powell (6/8/01)
Artists of the Commonwealth: Realism in Pennsylvania Painting, 1950-2000 (3/30/01)
Ultra-realistic Sculpture by Marc Sijan (2/27/01)
Duane Hanson: Virtual Reality (9/23/00)
Ed Ruscha Retrospective (8/2/00)
James Valerio: Drawings (5/8/00)
Cities of Promise: Imaging Urban California (12/20/03)
John Register: A Retrospective (11/21/99)
A Cast of Characters: Figurative Sculpture (10/30/99)
Realism, PhotoRealism, SuperRealism (8/5/99)
Major Duane Hanson Retrospective, First Since His Death, Comes to Brooks (3/17/99)
Watercolors by Arthur E. Smith (4/17/98)
Also see TFAO's topic Realism
From other websites:
Double Vision: Photocentric Paintings by Richard Heipp is a 2018 exhibit at the Polk Museum of Art which says: "Heipp describes his paintings as photocentric; they are not intended to be merely based on mechanically produced images, but are instead air-brushed simulations of photographs and scanned objects. At first, these hyperrealistic paintings appear mechanically reproduced, but transform upon closer inspection. They perpetuate that deception between art and audience, pierce the veneer of first impressions, and force us to pause for a new and unexpected interpretation. Also see artist's website. Accessed 5/18
From Lens to Eye to Hand, Photorealism 1969 to Today is a 2017 exhibit at the Parrish Art Museum which says: "From Lens to Eye to Hand reexamines this important movement in contemporary art that found its roots in the late 1960s in California and New York and continues today." Accessed 9/17
John Baeder, April 28, 2012 - July 22, 2012 from Georgia Museum of Art. Accessed August, 2015.
LIVESTRONG Savannah - Christopher Chiappa is a 2018 exhibit at the Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD) Museum of Art which says: "The artist transforms the museum lobby into an all-consuming invasion of eggs; thousands of illusionistic, hand-made sculptures of sunny-side-up, fried eggs are suspended on the walls, dripping to the corner and floor, and even found in unexpected places like the museum's front desk and staircase." Also see artist's website and designbloom article Accessed 3/18
New Works by Ron Mueck is a 2018 exhibit at the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth which says: "In 2007, the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth hosted Ron Mueck, featuring the artist's figures that are extraordinarily realistic, except in scale - they are always depicted much smaller or larger than life. The exhibition broke attendance records for the Museum as Mueck's stunning works became a must-see for visitors from across the region." Accessed 3/18
Nick Potter: Constructed Utopias is a 2019 exhibit at the Fresno Art Museum which says: "Constructed Utopias is the artist's first one-person exhibition at the Fresno Art Museum. Potter is recognized for his supra-realistic depictions of spare interior spaces, mid-century modern furnishings, compositions of vintage social scenes, and isolated architectural monoliths in surreal settings." Also see artist's website Accessed 1/20
Painterly to Precise: Richard Estes at the Currier was a 2015 exhibit at the Currier Museum of Art, which says: "Two new acquisitions provide the heart of a focus exhibition of works by one of America's best-known photorealist painters, Richard Estes (born 1932)" Accessed 10/16
Rackstraw Downes: Under the Westside Highway, an exhibit held June 27, 2010, to January 12, 2011 at the Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art Accessed August, 2015.
Reality Check: Photorealist Watercolors from the Meisel Collection is a 2019 exhibit at the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art which says: "This exhibition presents a group of watercolors and acrylics on paper from the private collection of the instrumental gallerist Louis Meisel. Mainstays of the movement, many still actively working in a photorealist style today, will be on view, including Tom Blackwell, Chuck Close, Robert Cottingham, Richard Estes, Audrey Flack, Ralph Goings, Ron Kleemann, John Salt, and others. Also see May 22, 2019 article by Arthur Whitman from Ithaca.com. Accessed 7/19
Robert Bechtle / Matrix 33 is a 1980 exhibit at the Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive which says: "Robert Bechtle has been a seminal force in the development of the Photo Realist approach to representational painting, one which presents a relentlessly factual depiction of a subject that has been first photographically recorded, then painstakingly translated into paint on canvas." Also see entry in Wikipedia. Accessed 3/17
Robert Cottingham Eyeing America is an ongoing online exhibit at the Smithsonian American Art Museum which says: "Robert Cottingham has been associated with the photorealist movement; however, his incorporation of small modifications, unexpected views and angles, and skillful manipulations of light go well beyond faithful recordings of reality." Accessed 8/17
Still Life: 1970s Photorealism was a 2015 exhibit at the Currier Museum of Art, which says: "Imagine paintings that look so real that you feel you can walk into the canvas and back in time, or sculptures so lifelike that you want to reach out and interact with the subjects. In the 1970s, a group of primarily American artists including Chuck Close and Duane Hanson decided that art should accurately reflect the world we see around us." Accessed 10/16
Wikipedia says about Hyperrealism: "Hyperrealism is a genre of painting and sculpture resembling a high-resolution photograph....The term is primarily applied to an independent art movement and art style in the United States and Europe that has developed since the early 1970s." Accessed 8/17
Wikipedia says about Photorealism: "Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium." Accessed 8/17
KQED / San Francisco offers streaming video relating to "arts & literature" in the Bay Area. In a 10-minute, 27-second Arts Archive video from a September 12, 2005 episode titled "Paint x 3," Spark watches Robert Bechtle at work rendering one of his favorite subjects -- his Potrero Hill neighborhood -- and talking about his motivations and images as he prepares for a retrospective exhibit of his work at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (February 12 through June 5, 2005). Accessed May, 2015.
Return to Topics in American Representational Art
Individual pages in each catalogue are continuously amended as TFAO adds content, corrects errors and reorganizes sections for improved readability. Refreshing or reloading pages enables readers to view the latest updates.
Links to sources of information outside of our web site are provided only as referrals for your further consideration. Please use due diligence in judging the quality of information contained in these and all other web sites. Information from linked sources may be inaccurate or out of date. TFAO neither recommends or endorses these referenced organizations. Although TFAO includes links to other web sites, it takes no responsibility for the content or information contained on those other sites, nor exerts any editorial or other control over them. For more information on evaluating web pages see TFAO's General Resources section in Online Resources for Collectors and Students of Art History.
Search Resource Library
Copyright 2020 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.