The Doylestown House

a chapter of the exhibition catalogue

"Charles Sheeler in Doylestown: American Modernism and the Pennsylvania Tradition"

by Karen Lucic



70. Sheeler to Mercer, [January 1922], BCHS.

71. Wight, "Charles Sheeler," 16.

72. Sheeler's devastation at the loss of Schamberg raises the possibility that they were lovers, but I have found no evidence to suggest that their relationship was actively homosexual.

73. Richard Kyle, Katharine Shaffer's nephew, interview by author, 9 October 1984, Old Saybrook, Connecticut.

74. In 1916, Stieglitz wrote to Sheeler: "Katharine's poetry will be sent to you shortly. Marie [Stieglitz's secretary] just says she has finished them, so they will go with this. I am glad to have copies." Stieglitz to Sheeler, 1 December 1916, BRBML. This brief passage does not indicate whether or not Stieglitz refers to the same Katharine that Sheeler eventually married, but it seems likely.

75. The date of Sheeler's first marriage has often been mistakenly given as 1923. See Troyen and Hirshler, Charles Sheeler, 12, n. 27.

76. Autobiographical notes, Sheeler Papers, AAA, Roll Nsh 1, frame 90.

77. Fillin-Yeh, Charles Sheeler, 9. Sheeler wrote admiringly of Duchamp's painting and photographed it as well. See Stebbins and Keyes, Charles Sheeler, 10.

78. Duchamp reportedly reciprocated Sheeler's regard; of Sheeler's 1923 Self-Portrait (Museum of Modern Art, New York), he remarked, "I like it." Rourke, Charles Sheeler, 94-95.

79. Arturo Schwarz, The Complete World of Marcel Duchamp (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1969), 49.

80. In contrast, photography "records inalterably the single image," according to Sheeler. Autobiographical notes, Sheeler Papers, AAA, Roll Nsh 1, frame 94. But photographic techniques such as montage can produce multiple images, and in later career, Sheeler himself experimented with more than one negative to create layered photographic compositions.

81. Troyen and Hirshler, Charles Sheeler, 104.

82. Sheeler to Mercer, 4 March 1926, BCHS. In a 1959 interview by Friedman, Sheeler recounts the story of giving up the house, but his memory of dates is inaccurate. He states he held on to the lease for only a few years instead of the approximately sixteen that he was actually a tenant of the house:"... I had [the lease] for -- I don't know -- four or five years I guess and in the latter part I had already moved to New York, well then the chance of using it was so very slight that I just gave it up. Also. .. the farm had changed hands and they were planning to make a development of small houses on the farm... instead of in a nice open 12-acre field it would have been right in the midst of the development. And principally, as I say, I just didn't get over very often, maybe three times a year I'd get over for a week or something like that. Well, it wasn't worth maintaining it for that." Sheeler interview by Friedman, AAA, Tape 2, pp. 5-6.

83. Troyen and Hirshler, Charles Sheeler, 16, 138.


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