Infamous New York: Bosses, Burlesque & Mayhem

by Constance Schwartz




1 From Oliver W. Larkin, "Common Cause." Social Realism: Art As a Weapon, p. 128.

2 David Shapiro, Social Realism: Art As a Social Weapon, pp.14-33.

3 Levine has been influenced under the technical and moral spell of Rembrandt.The artist claims that "...The Rembrandt thing is not adulative. It is closer to me. Preferable. It gives me a direction in which to continue. It takes me closest to the subject, the human drama. I feel the harder problem is...not to break with Rembrandt...but to bring the great tradition, and whatever is great about it, up to date." From Jack Levine's Artists of the Past. Levine's paintings also pay tribute to Daumier, Soutine and El Greco.

4 Cited in an essay by Ben Shahn "How an Artist Looks at Aesthetics," in Social Realism: Art As a Weapon, p. 287.

5 Derived from a letter from Philip Evergood to Herman Baron of ACA Gallery, May 1st, 1959, ACA Papers.

6 From an interview with Philip Evergood by Forrest Selvig, done for AAA, December 1968. Transcript at AAA, 1.

7 Ibid. Selvig interview, pp. 29-30.



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About the author:

Constance Schwartz is the Nassau County Museum of Art's Executive Director and Chief Curator.


Editor's note:

The above essay was rekeyed and reprinted on February 16, 2006 in Resource Library with permission of the author and the Nassau County Museum of Art. The essay is included in a fully illustrated catalogue published by the Museum for the exhibition Infamous New York: Bosses, Burlesque & Mayhem to be held at the Nassau County Museum of Art. February 19, 2006 - May 14, 2006. If you have questions or comments regarding the essay, please contact the Nassau County Museum of Art directly through either this phone number or web address:

Resource Library wishes to extend appreciation to Ms. Doris Meadows, Nassau County Museum of Art, for assistance concerning the republishing of this essay.


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