Laura Coombs Hills: A Retrospective
by Sandra Lepore
1 "The Back Door," oil ($75.00).
2 Where separate pastel societies were not found, pastels were exhibited under the auspices of watercolor clubs.
3 Letter to Miss Laura C. Hills from P.F. Volland, January 11, 1916.
4 The year 1890 is most often cited in later accounts, however, there was no mention of this trip in the local paper. But, an item in the April 10, 1893, Newburyport Daily News noted Laura and Lizzie were leaving for a three or four-month tour of Europe.
5 M.T. Curl, "Boston Artists and Sculptors Talk of Their Work and Ideals," Boston Transcript, January 22, 1921.
7 When this organization merged with the National Academy of Design in 1906, Hills gained membership in that august group. Until after 1900, only one woman was elected to the National Academy: Anne Hills, a miniaturist. Erica Hirshler, Ph.D. diss., Boston University, 1992, p.5.
8 After 1904, miniatures were exhibited under the aegis of the Pennsylvania Society of Miniature Painters at the annual watercolor and miniature exhibitions, instead of annual painting exhibitions.
9 Letter to the Curator of Department of Painting, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from Miss E. Hale; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA. Files, American Paintings Department.
10 Ronald G. Pisano, A Leading Spirit of American Art: William Merritt Chase, 1849-1916. Seattle, Washington: Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, 1983, p. 92.
11 Many professional women such as Elizabeth Nourse, Mary Cassatt, and Cecilia Beaux all had working relationship with siblings.
12 "Mary Bradish Titcomb," American Women Artists 1830-1930, International Exhibitions Foundation for the National Museum of Women in the Arts, 1987.
13 The names of Felicie Waldo Howell and Lilian Westcott Hale appear on the roster for the 1919 Doll and Richards exhibition.
14 ''Titcomb,'' American Women Artists.
15 An unidentified news clipping, probably dating from 1917, which indicates that Titcomb, Conant, Patterson, and Hills also exhibited at Copley Gallery that year.
16 Robert C. Vose, Jr., "Laura Coombs Hills," The Historical Society of Old Newbury, Bulletin 5, May 1962, p. 10.
17 Florence Spaulding, "Laura Coombs Hills," Arts and Artists, Boston Art Club, vol. I, no. 7, December 1936.
18 "N.E. Flower Artist at 91 Finds Work Still in Demand -- Has Won Many Medals," Boston Sunday Post, April 8, 1951.
19 A.J. Philpot, "Flower Painting Exhibit Attracts Boston Enthusiasts," Boston Globe, November 23, 1947.
20 Trevor Fairbrother, The Bostonians: Painters of an Elegant Age, 1870-1939, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1986, p. 88.
21 Letter from Laura Coombs Hills to Mildred Howells, October 24, 1949.
About the author:
Sandra Lepore is the principal of Lepore Fine Arts in Newburyport, MA. She was the guest curator for the exhibition titled Laura Coombs Hills: A Retrospective, held in 1996 at the Historical Society of Old Newbury, Newburyport, MA. The illustrated catalogue for the exhibition is available from Lepore Fine Arts.
Resource Library editor's note:
The above essay was reprinted, without illustrations, in Resource Library on December 7, 2005 with the permission of the author. If you have questions or comments regarding the essay, please contact Ms. Lepore directly through the following phone number or Web address:
This article was previously published in American Art Review, Volume VIII, Number 3, June - August, 1996, pp. 90-95, 159.
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