American Artists Abroad


American Expatriate Artists


(above: Whistler, James McNeill, Portrait of Whistler, 1859. Image courtesy of The New York Public Library)



This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "American Artists Abroad and American Expatriate Artists." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.

After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.

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From Resource Library in chronological order:


Ernest Hemingway and Henry Strater; text by Ruth Greene-McNally (8/9/17)

Ties That Bind: American Artists in Europe (8/13/12)

Annotations: George Cooke & Thomas Hope and the Influence of Antiquity (5/31/12)

J.T. Harwood: The Ione Years (1927-1940) (3/29/12)

Transatlantic: American Artists in Germany (2/13/09)

Whistler, Lithography, and the Art of Antagonism; essay by Jeffrey Ruda (1/29/07)



Americans in Paris, 1860­1900 (8/30/06)

Americans in Paris, 1860-1900 (8/9/06)

Norman Rubington (1921-1991) -- Full Circle: New York, Paris, Rome, London, New York; Introduction by Lisa Tremper Hanover (8/2/05)

Light Motifs: American Impressionist Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (7/28/05)

The French Experience: Alice Schille's Artistic Legacy; article by James M. Keny (5/19/05)

The Carmel Monterey Peninsula Art Colony: A History; article by Barbara J. Klein (4/21/05)

Great Expectations: John Singer Sargent Painting Children (4/11/05)

James McNeill Whistler: Selected Works from the Hunterian Art Gallery (11/8/04)

In Monet's Light: Theodore Robinson at Giverny (10/6/04)

Paths to Impressionism: French and American Landscape Paintings (10/1/04)

Return From Oblivion: Reassessing the Art of Gari Melchers; essay by Stephen May (9/30/04)

A Matter of Style: The Influence of French Art on the Old Lyme Art Colony (9/27/04)

The Spirit of Inness: Creating an "American School" at the Paris Exposition of 1900; article by Diane Pietrucha Fischer (9/15/04)

Guy Pène du Bois: The Twenties at Home and Abroad; essay be Betsy Fahlman (8/27/04

Classic Ground; essay by Paul A. Manoguerra, Georgia Museum of Art (7/20/04)

Ana Mendieta: Earth Body, Sculpture and Performance 1972­1985 (5/31/04)

Whistler and His Circle in Venice (4/5/04)

American Attitude: Whistler and His Followers (3/5/04)

Whistler in Paris: Lithographs from the Belle Epoque, 1891-1896 (1/26/04)

Whistler in Venice: The Pastels (1/24/03)

Alfred Maurer: The First American Modern (1/22/04)



Mr. Whistler's Galleries: Avant-garde in Victorian London (12/1/03)

A Transatlantic Avant-Garde: American Artists in Paris, 1918 - 1939 (12/1/03)

Whistler's Greatest Etchings: The 1889 Amsterdam Set at the Freer Gallery of Art (5/27/03)

Whistler and Cassatt: Americans Abroad (5/19/03)

Whistler and His Circle in Venice, article by Eric Denker (3/25/03)

John Singer Sargent and Italy (1/3/03)

In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists; essay by Deborah Epstein Solon (12/23/02)

Edward Hopper: The Paris Years (12/3/02)

Whistler and His Circle in Venice (11/13/02)

Narratives of African American Art and Identity: The David C. Driskell Collection (7/5/02)

American Impressionism in Context (6/13/02)

Albert Henry Krehbiel (1873-1945): American Impressionist, Muralist and Art Educator; article by Donald T. Ryan, Jr (5/25/02)

To Be Modern: The Origins of Marguerite and William Zorach's Creative Partnership, 1911-1922; essay by Jessica Nicoll (10/3/01)

True Visions: The Paintings of C. Arnold Slade (1882-1961); essay by Julie Carlson Eldred (12/5/01)

Towards Impressionism in Northern California, essay by Raymond L. Wilson (7/7/01)

Frederick Carl Frieseke: The Evolution of an American Impressionist (7/6/01)

To Paris and Back: Albert Jean Adolphé -- An Artist's Journey, by Pamela Potter-Hennessey (6/24/01)

Robert Henri: The Early Years; essay by Bennard Perlman (5/10/01)

Frank Duveneck & Elizabeth Boott Duveneck: An American Romance, by Carol M. Osborne (4/29/01)

Theodore Robinson: Pioneer of American Impressionism, by D. Scott Atkinson (4/19/01)



American Impressionists Abroad and at Home: Paintings from the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (11/18/00)

Paris 1900: The "American School" at the Universal Exposition (9/12/00)

Marsden Hartley: American Modern (7/18/00)

Marie Hull, Home and Abroad: Works from the Mississippi Museum of Art (6/28/00)

Amazons in the Drawing Room: The Art of Romaine Brooks (6/13/00)

Eastman Johnson: Painting America (2/16/00)

Paris 1900: The "American School" at the Universal Exposition (9/11/99)

Mary Cassatt at National Gallery of Art (8/6/99)

Frank Duveneck (1848-1919): Virtuoso of the Brush (5/30/99)

In Pursuit of Refinement: Charlestonians Abroad, 1740 - 1860 (2/99)

At the West of Things: California Artists at Home and Abroad (1/16/99)

The Departure: esssay by Martin Krause (1999)

Whistler in Venice (12/8/98)

Mary Cassatt: Modern Woman (12/7/98)

William DeLeftwich Dodge: Impressions at Home and Abroad (8/11/98)

Telfair Acquires Gari Melchers' Painting (7/21/98)

Whistler: Impressions of an American Abroad - Etchings and Lithographs from the Carnegie Museum of Art (3/10/98)

Americans Abroad (2/11/98)

The Ricau Collection of American Sculpture (2/1/98)



From other websites:

American Artists Abroad, 1900-1950, an exhibit held February 2 - May 11, 2008 at the Cedar Rapids Museum of Art. Accessed July, 2014.

American Artists and the Legacy of the Grand Tour, 1880-1960 is a 2017 exhibit at the Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery which says: "This exhibition explores a time from approximately 1880 to 1960 when American artists endeavored to follow in the footsteps of this tradition and trek to Europe for a variety of reasons: study and opportunities to exhibit, illustration on commission, war, and leisure." Also see 6/17 article in Nashville Arts Magazine.  Accessed 8/17

American Painters in Italy: From Copley to Sargent is a 2018 exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art which says: "This exhibition of works from the Museum's collection features watercolors, drawings, and sketchbooks by eighteen American artists who traveled to and were inspired by Italy from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century. Among the best known are John Singleton Copley, Thomas Sully, George Inness, James McNeill Whistler, Maurice Prendergast, and John Singer Sargent. Sargent, who was born in Italy and maintained a lifelong interest in the country's art and scenery, is represented by ten works, including an early scrapbook never before shown at The Met." Accessed 3/18

American Legacy Fine Arts website has an Art Library page, including a link to In the Land of Casanova: American Artists Seduced by Venice  (John Singer Sargent, James A. McNeill Whistler, Frank Duveneck, Robert Blum, William M. Chase, Thomas Moran, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Maurice Prendergast, John Henry Twachtman, Theodore Wores) by Elaine Adams. Accessed July, 2015.

Americans in Italy, January 19, 2013 - April 21, 2013 from Georgia Museum of Art. Accessed 3/14

Americans in Paris, 1860-1900 and American Neoclassical Sculptors Abroad, from the Timeline of Art History section of the Metropolitan Museum of Art website. Accessed 4/14

Americans in Paris, 1860-1900, A Special Exhibition Review by Anne-Marie Jacobus, including a large gallery of works in the exhibition from Accessed 4/14

An American in London: Whistler and the Thames, an exhibit held May 3 - August 17, 2014 at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Includes video. From Freer Gallery of Art. Accessed 11/20/14.

An American in London: Whistler and the Thames, an exhibit held February 1 - April 13, 2014 at the Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy. Includes illustrated checklist. Accessed January, 2016.

An American In Paris:  Mary Colman Wheeler (1846-1920) is a 2017 exhibit at the Chazen Gallery which says: "The drawings on display are selected from a portfolio donated by Richard and Betty Ann Wheeler of Concord, Massachusetts, Mary Wheeler's birthplace. The collection offers a fascinating insight into the teaching methods employed by the 19th century French atelier, most prominently the use of the plaster cast as a means of heightening observational skills and the precise rendering of value." Accessed 4/17

American Portraits 1880-1915 is a 2015 exhibit at the Frye Art Museum which says: "The profound impact of Europe, especially France, on American intellectuals, writers, and artists in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries has been addressed on numerous occasions in exhibitions and academic volumes. Less often examined, but equally important, were America's close ties to Germany, where American artists sought inspiration and a place to study, as well as the opportunity to exhibit their work and build a career." Accessed 3/17

America's Rome: Artists in the Eternal City, 1800-1900, an exhibit held May 22, 2009 - December 30, 2009 at the Fenimore Art Museum. Includes link to Wall Street Journal article (July 17, 2009). Accessed 10/14

Anna Heyward Taylor: Intrepid Explorer is a 2019 exhibit at the Gibbes Museum of Art  which says: "This exhibition focuses on Taylor's visits to British Guiana as she created a substantial body of work during these trips." Also see Charleston Renaissance from Resource Library and Anna Heyward Taylor from The Johnson Collection. Accessed 3/19

Artistic Territories: Journeys in Place and Time is a 2016 exhibit at the Addison Gallery of American Art at Phillips Academy which says: "The exhibition, curated by students in the Phillips Academy class Visual Culture: Discovering the Addison Collection, explores how artists have documented place, conveyed the nuances of space, and extracted meaning from their surroundings. Including 32 works from the museum's permanent collection, many rarely or never before displayed, Artistic Territories shows how traveling artists interpret what they see through the lens of their experiences, in representations of subjects ranging from natural landscapes to social interactions." Accessed 2/17

Artists Who Painted in Latin America by Teta Collins, from Accessed 4/14

The Art of Romaine Brooks is an ongoing online exhibit at the Smithsonian American Art Museum which says: "Romaine Brooks (1874-1970) was an expatriate American who circulated among the most refined circles in Paris, London, and Capri during times of dynamic change. Her most active professional period, from 1910 to 1925, was one of political and cultural upheaval, punctuated by World War I." Accessed 8/17

A Buckeye Abroad, Frank Wilcox in Paris 1910-1926, an exhibit held August 24 2013 - January 5 2014 at the Dayton Art Institute. Includeslinks to article. Accessed 9/14.

The Coast of Genoa by Francis Cropsey is a 2018 exhibit at the Polk Museum of Art which says: "In 1847, Cropsey sailed to Europe for the first time with his new bride, spending most of this time in Thomas Cole's Rome studio. His two years in Italy were among his most productive. His drawings from that period are considered among his most beautiful and reflected his deep response to the historic landscapes there. For the rest of his career, Cropsey would create oil paintings of Italian scenes based on the many sketches and studies he did during this time." Also see biography in Wikipedia. Accessed 5/18

Coming Away: Winslow Homer and England  is a 2018 exhibit at the Milwaukee Art Museum which says: "For nearly two years, beginning in the spring of 1881, beloved American artist Winslow Homer (1836-1910) lived and worked in the remote northern English fishing village of Cullercoats. This decision to abandon the American art world at the height of his fame for an isolated English hamlet dramatically altered Homer's life and art....The paintings, drawings, and prints of Homer's English period bear the mark of the influences he encountered there and focus on the hardships and joys of life along the waterfront."  Extensive online coverage. Accessed 5/18

Dutch Utopia: American Artists in Holland, 1880-1914, an exhibit held February 5-May 2, 2010 at the Taft Museum of Art. Includes Portico article. Accessed April, 2015.

In the Studios of Paris: William Bouguereau & His American Students, an exhibit held July 6, 2007 - October 14, 2007 at the Frick Art & Historical Center. Includes news release. From Frick Art & Historical Center. Accessed 11/20/14.

James Abbott McNeill Whistler: Realism in Print, an exhibit held September 17, 2013 - January 18, 2014 at the Grace Museum. Accessed 12/14

James E. Freeman 1808-1884: An American Painter in Italy, an exhibit held September 13, 2009 - January 17, 2010 at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. Accessed March, 2015.

John La Farge's Second Paradise: Voyages in the South Seas, 1890-1891, an exhibit held at the Addison Gallery, Phillips Academy January 22, 2011 - March 27, 2011. Accessed 4/14

The Lure of Cuba: Reginald Marsh's Tropical Watercolors, 1924-1930 is a 2019 exhibit at the William Benton Museum of Art, University of Connecticut  which says: "In contrast to his frequently gritty representations of American urban life, Marsh depicted the Cuban landscape from the idyllic point of view of the artist-traveler. This exhibition brings together his rare Cuban watercolor series with postcards and printed material that document Cuba's appeal as a tourist destination during this period."  Accessed 3/20

Mediterranea: American Art from the Graham D. Williford Collection is a 2017 exhibit at the Art Museum of Southeast Texas which says: "This exhibition explores the atmosphere, architecture, and people of the Mediterranean region through the paintings of late 19th and early 20th-Century American artists. The 71 works in oil painting, watercolor, etching, and oil on paper connect the lands, sea and people of another time with an American view of the Mediterranean." Accessed 2/17 Also see catalog preview at Issuu. Accessed 2/17

Mediterranea: American Art from the Graham D. Williford Collection   is a 2017 exhibit at the Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens which says: "For American artists to be considered serious and cultured in the 19th and early 20th centuries, they not only needed to study in Europe, but travel widely there as well. This exhibition looks at how they captured the diversity and distinctiveness of certain places that make up the Mediterranean region such as Italy, Spain, the Middle East, and North Africa."  Accessed 9/17

New World Eden: Artist-Explorers in the American Tropics, an exhibit held January 27 - April 18, 2010 at the Henry Morrison Flagler Museum. Includes press reviews. Note: This website does not provide URLs for past exhibits. Accessed October, 2014

Off the Beaten Path: Early Works by James McNeill Whistler, an exhibit held September 28, 2013 - September 28, 2014 at the Freer Gallery of Art. Includes introductory panels. From Freer Gallery of Art. Accessed 11/20/14.

Painting in Paris Prior to 1900, from Accessed 3/14

Reflections and Undercurrents: Ernest Roth and Printmaking in Venice, 1900-1940, an exhibit held January 23 - April 4, 2014 at the Walsh (Thomas J.) Art Gallery at Fairfield University. Includes video and audio tours. Accessed May, 2015.

Samuel F.B. Morse's 'Gallery of the Louvre' and the Art of Invention is a 2017 exhibit at the Reynolda House Museum of American Art which says: "Morse's monumental oil on canvas -- six-by-nine feet -- is composed of 38 old master paintings, from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. He painstakingly copied works of Caravaggio, Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, Rubens, Tintoretto, Titian, Watteau and others in miniature and imaginatively 'installed' the works in one of the Louvre's most majestic spaces: the Salon Carré. His arrangement of the old master miniatures within his own painting was done to demonstrate differences in style and technique among the artists.... "Gallery of the Louvre" is considered an example of the Kunstkammer (literally "art room") tradition of paintings, a form popularized in 17th-century Europe, which shows people studying a collection of artworks hanging in a known architectural space" . Accessed 3/17

Samuel F.B. Morse's "Gallery of the Louvre" & the Art of Invention is a 2017 exhibit at the New Britain Museum of American Art which says: " The exhibition showcases Samuel F.B. Morse's monumental painting Gallery of the Louvre (1831-1833), on loan from the Terra Foundation for American Art, and follows the history of its extensive conservation treatment in 2010 as well as two years of scholarly investigation."  Accessed 8/17

Thomas Cole's Journey is a 2018 exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art  which says: "Thomas Cole's Journey marks the 200th anniversary of Cole's first Atlantic crossing, when he emigrated from England to the United States in 1818, and examines in depth Cole's return journey to England in 1829­31 and his travels in Italy in 1831­32, revealing the development of his artistic processes." Also see press release  Accessed 2/18

Voyage to Italia: Americans in Italy in the Nineteenth Century was a 2010 exhibit at the Sheldon Museum of Art which says: "Americans in nineteenth-century Italy sought to capture and make sense of their cross-cultural experiences. Through works of art, travel diaries, and guidebooks, Voyage to Italia: Americans in Italy in the Nineteenth Century documents the idealizing and critical attitudes that American tourists had about Italy." Viewers may download the exhibition brochure. Accessed 1/17

Walter Launt Palmer: Painting the Moment is a 2015 exhibit at the Albany (NY) Institute of History and Art which says: "Artist Walter Launt Palmer (1854-1932), the son of Albany sculptor Erastus Dow Palmer, has enjoyed a revival of interest in the art world over the last several years." Also see Venetian Scenes by Walter Launt Palmer from Resource Library. Accessed 10/18 

William H. Johnson: Full Circle is a 2018 exhibit at the Greenville County Museum of Art which says: "In 1994, Steve Turner, gallerist and art historian, retraced Johnson's European sojourn in search of the artist's collectors and paintings. Turner found that the artist enjoyed a highly respected career." Accessed 3/18

The WGBH/Boston Forum Network is an audio and video streaming web site dedicated to curating and serving live and on-demand lectures, including a number of videos on Art and Architecture. Partners include a number of museums, colleges, universities and other cultural organizations. See listings of related videos in this catalogue indexed by partner name. High Museum of Art partnered with the WGBH Forum Network for American Artists and the Louvre: Morse Gallery, (2 hours, 10 minutes) American Artists and the Louvre: Morse Gallery. Lectures and panel discussion by Paul Staiti, professor, art history, Mount Holyoke College, Jean-Philippe Antoine, senior fellow, Terra Foundation, Olivier Meslay, curator, Musee du Louvre, Sylvia Yount, curator, American art, High Art Museum. Paul Staiti and Jean-Philippe Antoine discuss early nineteenth-century American artists who sought training in Paris and the artistic practice of copying. (Lecture contributed by WABE/AFN) [February 24, 2007] Accessed May, 2015.

The WGBH/Boston Forum Network is an audio and video streaming web site dedicated to curating and serving live and on-demand lectures, including a number of videos on Art and Architecture. Partners include a number of museums, colleges, universities and other cultural organizations. See listings of related videos in this catalogue indexed by partner name. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston partnered with the WGBH Forum Network for At Home and Abroad: American Expatriate Artists, (56 minutes) in which Heather Cotter, fellow, Adult Learning Programs, Museum of Fine Arts, explores the various influences reflected in the art of American expatriate artists -- including John Singer Sargent, Mary Cassatt, and James McNeill Whistler -- working at home and abroad. [Spring, 2003] Accessed May, 2015.


DVD or VHS videos:

Americans in Paris, 30 minute DVD published in 2006. "Paris was the centre of the art world in the nineteenth century and for American artists, its lure was irresistible. They flocked there in their thousands, eager to establish their artistic credentials. As their letters home prove, initial impressions of Paris were overwhelming: the light, the noise, the smells, the contrasts. Theatres, cafés, gardens and boulevards provided rich subject matter for these painters, as did their fellow artists, often portrayed as the elegantly dressed flâneur (dandy), or as the bohemian, studiedly careless in appearance... This fascinating film, much of it shot on location, captures the excitement that Paris conveyed to its American visitors, and provides a vivid sense of what American artists retained of their experience, and brought back with them to America." Text courtesy of Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Hoosiers Abroad: The Munich Paintings of Adams, Forsyth, Richards and Steele  (video produced by Indianapolis Museum of Art)

TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos. Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in TFAO's Videos -DVD/VHS, an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format

and these articles:

M. Elizabeth Boone: "Bullfights and Balconies: Flirtation and Majismo in Mary Cassatt's Spanish Paintings of 1872­73" American Art (Vol. 9 No. 1; Spring 1995)

M. Elizabeth Boone: "American Artists and the Spanish Experience" American Art Review January-February 1999 (Volume XI, Number 1)

Lisa N. Peters: "'Youthful Enthusiasm under a Hospitable Sky': American Artists in Polling, Germany, 1870s­1880s" American Art Journal ( vol. 31, nos. 1 and 2; 2000)


Suggested music to accompany reading of texts about American Artists Abroad:

Pictures at an Exhibition, by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky.

(clipart courtesy of Cliparet Panda)


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