This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "American Impressionism." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to the articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the date of publication in Resource Library. Also see California Art History for essays and articles on California Impressionism.
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Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order:
A 5/20/11 search within the TFAO Digital Library retrieved 973 references to the word "Impressionism." Also as of 5/20/11 the TFAO Digital Library contained 226 references to the related word "Barbizon." Barbizon painters were French artists that were precursors to American impressionist painters.
Also from the Web:
American Impressionism, 2nd Edition by William H. Gerdts, Harry N Abrams (May 1991) (right: and left catalogue front covers courtesy Abbeville Press)
Bernhard Gutmann: An American Impressionist, 1869-1936 by Percy North. Abbeville Press; 1st edition (October 1, 1995). Publishers Weekly says: "German-born Gutmann (1869-1936) emigrated to the U.S. at 23 and established a solid reputation with his work as a graphic artist and teacher and for his colorful landscapes, genre scenes, still lifes and portraits. After his death he was forgotten, however; because he had married into a wealthy family and had no pressing need to sell his paintings, most of them remained out of the public eye. In this richly illustrated monograph, North, a professor of art history at Montgomery College in Maryland, presents a straightforward account of the artist's relatively uneventful life, which, except for occasional trips abroad, was spent in Lynchburg, Va., New York and Connecticut. The excitement is in the paintings -- luminous canvases glowing with brilliant impressionist colors applied in bold post-impressionist brush strokes or directly from the tube. Although a somber element crept into the later works, when Gutmann was deeply affected by the stock market crash of 1929, the rise of Nazism in Germany and illness in his family, most of the paintings are sunny creations that, in the impressionist tradition, have immediate appeal because of their sparkling, sensuous colors and their cheerful evocation of everyday life. This beautifully produced book with superb color reproductions should reestablish Gutmann's reputation." Copyright 1996 Reed Business Information, Inc.
California Impressionism by William H. Gerdts, Abbeville Press; 1st edition (April 1, 1998). Baton Rouge Advocate, August 2, 1998, says: "William Gerdts, professor of art history at the Graduate School of The City of New York and an authority on American Impressionism, has written a detailed, expansive essay tracing the concept, sources and development of the California Impressionist movement. . . . Will South writes a more narrative piece, a chronological account of the movement filled with professional and biographical tidbits to delight both researchers and casual readers. . . . a fine resource for students, researchers and collectors. . . . a focused examination of a specific art movement in a specific region-a good reference for students and researchers, and attractive for casual page-turners and fans of impressionism in general."
Childe Hassam: American Impressionist by Ulrich W. Hiesinger. Prestel; New edition edition (September 1999). Library Journal says: "This, the first monograph covering the entire painting career of Hassam (1859-1935), accompanies an exhibition mounted at the Jordon-Volpe Gallery in New York. Hassam exhibited with "The Ten," a group of noteworthy New York artists, and was also an accomplished etcher, although this talent is not discussed in depth in the catalog. Born in Boston, he received art training in Paris between 1886 and 1889 and continued to work in a French impressionist style for the rest of his career. Hassam is strongly identified with his favorite locales-Manhattan and the New England seacoast-and subject matter-namely, flowers, furnished interiors, and flags. Readers will be delighted by the nearly 200 illustrations of his appealing canvases, two-thirds of which are color reproductions. Serious students of Hassam will also appreciate the annotated footnotes, chronology, and transcribed documents. Recommended for American art collections. - Kathleen Eagen Johnson, Historic Hudson Valley, Tarrytown, N.Y." Copyright 1994 Reed Business Information, Inc
Childe Hassam: Impressionist by Warren Adelson. Abbeville Press; First Edition edition (October 15, 1999). Library Journal says: "Frederick Childe Hassam (1859-1935) is considered the preeminent American Impressionist. He started at the Boston Art School, learning engraving and illustration, but went to Paris and studied with Boulanger and Lefebvre before eventually becoming one of "The Ten," a group of Impressionists. Filled with rainy or snow-covered city streets, colorful seaside gardens, patriotic flag-lined avenues, and exquisitely dressed women, his paintings are unmistakable. The authors of this current work approach different facets of Hassam and his work: gallerist Adelson looks at the artist in an international context drawing connections to Monet and Vuillard; William Gerdts (American Impressionism) looks at ongoing themes; and art historian Jay Cantor focuses on the departures of Hassam's later work, nudes, and East Hampton views. Many of the illustrations are familiar ones, but the authors gained access to many others in private collections that are reproduced here for the first time. The extensive illustrations, 200 in color, are complemented by a detailed illustrated chronology and extensive bibliography. Highly recommended as a necessary purchase for serious collections on American Art. - Joseph C. Hewgley, Nashville P.L." Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, The by Susan G. Larkin. Yale University Press; First Edition edition (March 1, 2001). Publishers Weekly says: "From the Van Gogh-like strokes of Childe Hassam to Elmer MacRae's near-cubist hollyhocks, The Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressions on the Connecticut Shore offers an in-depth look at a lesser-known American movement. Between 1890 and 1920, artists and writers settled in a coastal section of Greenwich called Cos Cob, as the town shifted from fishing and farming to New York bedroom community, often meeting at the Holley family boarding house on the harbor. An independent scholar and former Metropolitan Museum of Art research fellow, Susan G. Larkin (a longtime Greenwich resident) takes readers through a generous sampling of 78 color and 67 b&w reproductions of works that are currently hanging at the National Academy of Design in New York and will travel to Houston and Denver later this year. Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information, Inc."
Frederick Carl Frieseke: The Evolution of an American Impressionist by Nicholas Kilmer (Author), David Sellin (Author), Barbara H. Weinberg (Author), Virginia M. Mecklenburg (Author), Linda McWhorter (Editor). Princeton University Press (February 20, 2001). Library Journal says: "This lovely, colorful volume, the first book devoted to Frieseke's work, accompanies a traveling exhibition of the artist's paintings. Nicholas Kilmer, Frieseke's grandson, contributes a biographical narrative that includes many personal letters and archival family photographs, and three noted scholars of American art (Barbara Weinberg, Virginia M. Meklenburg, and David Sellin) address the artist's stylistic tendencies. Their essays move chronologically through Frieseke's career, discussing his style from the period before 1910; his stays in Le Pouldu, Brittany in 1901 and in Giverny in 1905-20; and his last artistic phase, which lasted from the 1920s until his death in 1939. The authors examine the paintings produced at the height of Frieseke's Impressionist phase at Giverny not only in terms of Impressionist effects of color and light but also in relation to the decorative qualities of line, texture, and interlocking figures seen in the Nabis and Art Nouveau styles. They go on to point out the characteristics of Frieseke's lesser-known late paintings, which utilize a new realism, a less sensual line, harder edges, and modern dress. Recommended for all libraries with art book collections. Sandra Rothenberg, Framingham State Coll. Lib., MA." Copyright 2001 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Impressionist New York by William H. Gerdts. Artabras (November 1, 1996). Amazon.com says: "The turn of the century in America experienced both the peak of the aesthetics of impressionism and widespread growth in its greatest city--New York. Like the French impressionists in Paris, many American impressionists took to the streets, using the realities of urban life as the subject of their work. An authority on American impressionism, Dr. William H. Gerdts provides a thorough chronicle of this work and the time in which it was painted--one of public consciousness and celebration. The paintings in the book are visions of urban optimism, focusing on buildings, parks, and street scenes. Because many of the buildings in these paintings are no longer standing, this work is a documentary of a time long gone. The book balances text, image, and white space nicely. Throughout the text, sidebars of quotes by the artists and their literary contemporaries offer commentary on life in the city, putting the work in context."
John Henry Twachtman: An American Impressionist by Lisa N. Peters. Hudson Hills (May 25, 1999). Library Journal says: "Peters, a preeminent Twachtman scholar, has written a wonderful collection of essays to accompany the traveling Twachtman exhibition organized by the High Museum of Art in Atlanta. Anyone unfamiliar with Twachtman's life and work need not consult other sources (although Peters dutifully acknowledges the foundation research of earlier scholars). Organizing his text by time period, Peters methodically traces the development of Twachtman's art from his early years in Cincinnati (1835-75) through his death in Gloucester, MA, in 1902. If there is any doubt of Twachtman's mastery as an impressionist, one has only to gaze at any of the fall or winter landscapes that are beautifully reproduced in this volume, along with dozens of other examples from his oeuvre. Oddly, there is neither a table of contents nor a separate list of exhibited works and their provenance. Warmly recommended for most public and academic libraries.AP. Steven Thomas, Central Michigan Univ. Lib., Mt. Pleasant." Copyright 1999 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Minnesota Impressionists by Rena Neumann Coen. 96 pages. Publisher: Afton Historical Society Press; 1st edition (October 1996). ISBN-10: 0963933868. ISBN-13: 978-0963933867. Product Description: "AN UNEXPLORED CHAPTER in American art is treated with eloquence in this beautiful book. The period covered is pre-1940. Twenty-seven artists including Nicholas Brewer, Elizabeth Chant, and Alexis Jean Fournier and their paintings are addressed in separate essays, arranged alphabetically for easy reference." (text courtesy of Amazon.com)
Google announced in 2004 a collaboration with institutional libraries to digitize large quantities of books: the Google Books Library Project. Public domain books are available on an open access basis with full view. Copyrighted material is treated in one of three ways. Google negotiates with cooperating publishers through its Google Books Partner Program for "Limited Preview" of entire pages or sections within books by readers. For scanned books without copyright permissions, "snippets" are available. For remaining books basic information is provided without ability to search within the book. The snippets inform readers about the relevance of the book to their subject of inquiry. A Google Book Search conducted April 26, 2008 located 264 books featuring either full view or limited view with the search phrase "American impressionism" Books with "Limited Preview" include:
Pennsylvania Impressionism, by Brian H. Peterson, William H. Gerdts, Sylvia Yount. Published 2002 by University of Pennsylvania Press. 340 pages. ISBN:0812237005. From the book jacket: ""Pennsylvania impressionist paintings are now widely collected, and numerous works in private hands are shown here, as are selections from the holdings of the James A. Michener Art Museum, which has the most extensive public collection. The book is lavishly illustrated with 369 color reproductions, and includes biographies of eighty-four artists, many never before published. The history of the Bucks County art colony is explored by Brian H. Peterson, who also suggests new ways of understanding the art and artists who made their home in the area. Sylvia Yount eloquently weaves together the historic foundations of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and its impact on the Pennsylvania impressionists. Noted art historian William H. Gerdts provides a comprehensive study of the art colony movement and its roots, and includes a comprehensive bibliography on that bygone era." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (left: front cover, Pennsylvania Impressionism, image courtesy Google Books)
An American Impressionist: The Art and Life of Alson Skinner Clark, by Deborah Epstein Solon, Pasadena Museum of California Art, Gibbs Museum (Charleston, S.C.) Contributor William H. Gerdts. Published 2005 by Hudson Hills. 149 pages.ISBN:1555952445. Google Books says: "This publication coincides with the first full-scale museum retrospective on Clark by the Pasadena Museum of California Art." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (right: front cover, An American Impressionist: The Art and Life of Alson Skinner Clark, image courtesy Google Books)
The Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, by Susan G. Larkin, National Academy of Design (U.S.), Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Denver Art Museum. Published 2001 by Yale University Press. 246 pages. ISBN:0300088523. Google Books says: "What Argenteuil in the 1870s was to French Impressionists, Cos Cob between 1890 and 1920 was to American Impressionists Childe Hassam, Theodore Robinson, John Twachtman, J. Alden Weir, and their followers. These artists and writers came together to work in the modest Cos Cob section of Greenwich, Connecticut, testing new styles and new themes in the stimulating company of colleagues. This beautiful book is the first to examine the art colony at Cos Cob and the role it played in the development of American Impressionist art.During the art-colony period, says Susan Larkin, Greenwich was changing from a farming and fishing community to a prosperous suburb of New York. The artists who gathered in Cos Cob produced work that reflects the resulting tensions between tradition and modernity, nature and technology, and country and city. The artists' preferred subjects -- colonial architecture, quiet landscapes, contemplative women -- held a complex significance for them, which Larkin explores. Drawing on maritime history, garden design, women's studies, and more, she places the art colony in its cultural and historical context and reveals unexpected depth in paintings of enormous popular appeal." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here.(left: front cover, The Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, image courtesy Google Books)
In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists,by Deborah Epstein Solon, Will South. 151 pages. ISBN:1555952259. Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book including biographies of the artists. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (right: front cover, In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists, image courtesy Google Books)
American Impressionist Paintings: in the Collection of the Florence Griswold Museum, by Florence Griswold Museum. Published 2004 by Courier Dover Publications. 16 pages. ISBN:0486435717. Google Books says: "Once the center of the largest and best-known Impressionist art colony in America, the Florence Griswold home in Old Lyme, Connecticut, is still renowned for its collections of Impressionist paintings. This handsome card collection showcases the work of 24 of these artists, among them Edward C. Volkert, John Henry Twachtman, Lilian Westcott Hale, Willard Metcalf, Childe Hassam, Charles H. Davis, and Henry Ward Ranger. Ideal for sending messages to friends and art lovers, these charming cards can also be framed or added to a personal collection. Introduction. Notes" Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (left: front cover, American Impressionist Paintings: in the Collection of the Florence Griswold Museum, image courtesy Google Books)
Separate Realities: Developments in California Representational Painting and Sculpture, an Exhibition Organized by the Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park, September 19 Through October 21, 1973, by Laurence Dreiband, Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Virginia Ernst Kazor. Published by The Gallery, 1973
American Impressionism is a lecture by Dr. William Gerdts, available through Currier Museum of Art.
American Impressionists, American Realists: In Search of the New Contrasts two movements in American painting styles that flourished from the late 19th century into the beginning of the 20th century. 22-minute video Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center.
American Impressionist: Richard Earl Thompson is a Finley-Holiday Fine Arts Series video narrated by Patricia Pierce.
American Impressionist: William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock, An is a 26 minute 1987 DVD from the National Gallery of Art, with a viewer's guide. A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916) The narration is by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art. This DVD is lent free of charge through the National Gallery of Art's Division of Education (go to NGA Loan Materials Finder) This video is alternately named William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock. This program is also available in the DVD collection: American Art, 17851926: Seven Artist Profiles. "A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916), beginning with his student days in Munich and early career in New York City. Highlights his years at Shinnecock, Long Island, New York, where the artist established the first important outdoor summer school of art in the United States in 1891. Interweaves images of Chase's paintings and archival photographs with footage of the hills and beaches of Shinnecock and of Chase's house and studio as they are today. Hosted by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Curator's Comments: Nicely filmed homage to the artist, illustrating his life through his paintings. More a scenic catalogue than a detailed study of Chase's work but will appeal to general audiences." Text courtesy of Library Media Project, Chicago, IL
Cassatt: Portrait of an artist, 30 minutes, collection of Joslyn Art Museum
Children of Mary Cassatt is a 10 minute video featuring Mary Cassatt, who was one of America's greatest impressionists. She exhibited with them as an equal. But her paintings of children are peerless and unique. She alone reinvigorated the image of Madonna and Child, updating it in a modern idiom.
Great Women Artists: Mary Cassat is a 45-minute video released in 2001 by Kultur Video. "Children and naturalism are the hallmarks of Mary Cassatt's work during the 1880's and 1890's. She absorbed from her Impressionist colleagues Caillebotte, Degas, and Renoir, as well as her study of Japanese prints, the modern idea that the background of a painting might be as significant as the foreground. Her paintings depict a world of her own creation, one that adults can fully understand only by recapturing their childhood persona." From the Back Cover: "Georgia O'Keeffe was an American abstract painter, famous for the purity and lucidity of her still-life compositions. In 1916 the American photographer and art gallery director Alfred Stieglitz (whom she married in 1924) became interested in her abstract drawings and exhibited them at his gallery in New York City and in other important institutions. O'Keeffe moved to New Mexico in 1949, and is best known for her large paintings of desert flowers and scenery, in which single blossoms or objects such as a cow's skull are presented in close-up views. ASIN: B00005ASQZ
Guy Rose: American Impressionist, by Robert Boudreaux, produced in conjunction with the retrospective exhibition in 1995 by The Oakland Museum of California and The Irvine Museum. The video is 26 minutes in length and is available from the sponsoring museums.
In Open Air: A Portrait of the American Impressionists Captures the essence of the Impressionist movement in America, a pivotal period in American art from 1880--1915. With the pace of life quickening at the end of the nineteenth century, painters were seeking new ways to look at and preserve traditional American scenes that were rapidly disappearing--stone fences, open countryside, picturesque settings. These tranquil images were painted outside, in open air. The program features some of the finest Impressionist paintings created during this period and travels to favored locales that inspired the artists' work. It explores the influence of the French Impressionists and reveals how the American painters developed their own painting styles. 28-minute video.
John Singer Sargent: Outside the Frame is a 57 minute 1999 Jackson Frost television documentary produced by WETA-TV, Washington, filmed in high-definition format, and narrated by Jacqueline Bisset. As the foremost portraitist of his time, Sargent exquisitely captured in oil and watercolor the spirit of the Gilded Age. This close look at his work reveals much more than the faces of the wealthy. Emmy winner, Jackson Frost, reexamines Sargent's creations including landscapes, figures, and murals and highlights the paintings El Jaleo, Madame X, Carnation, Lily and others. At the height of his career, Sargent was the most admired portraitist in England and America, but he was dismissed after his death as merely a commercial artist. Distributed by Home Vision . ASIN: 0780023064
Mary Cassatt: A Brush with Independence is a 57 minute 2002 documentary video from Home Vision Entertainment produced and directed by Emmy®-winner Jackson Frost and narrated by actress Anne Archer. This television documentary covers the life and work of the bold artist who was the only American invited to show her work in the celebrated Impressionist exhibitions of Paris. Going beyond Cassatt's formal importance and stylistic influence, the program also looks at her work for women's suffrage and other important issues of her time. Based on the popular exhibition organized by the Art Institute of Chicago in collaboration with Boston's Museum of Fine Arts and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. VHS/ DVD. ISBN: 0-7800-2487-7
Mary Cassatt: American Impressionist. Actress Amy Brenneman stars as Mary Cassatt in this 60 minute 1999 family telefilm from HBO's The Artists' Series. Cassatt's life in Paris changes dramatically when her brother's children come for a visit. A fine entry point for kids to begin an exploration of the arts.
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist from Philadelphia is a 1975 WNET program from The Originals, Momen in Art series which focuses on the life and work of Impressionist painter Mary Cassatt. Profiles American artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926). Recounts the influence of her upper-class Philadelphia family and her years in Paris, where she studied and painted alongside Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, and Camille Pissarro. Dramatizes an episode in the life of artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) during the time she was in Paris when her brother and his children arrive. She finds herself inspired by the children, using them as models. 28-minute video. Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center
William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock is a 26 minute 1987 video from the National Gallery of Art. A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916) The narration is by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art.
"The film highlights W. M. Chase's years at Shinnecock, on Long Island, NY, where in 1891 the artist established the first important outdoor summer school of art in America. Images of Chase's paintings and archival photographs--many of the artist's studios--are combined with footage of the hills and beaches at Shinnecock and of Chase's house and studio as they are today." (text courtesy Georgia Museum of Art)
"Surveys the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849--1916), beginning with his student days in Munich and early career in New York City. " Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center
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