American Impressionism




Introduction

This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "American Impressionism." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to the articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the date of publication in Resource Library.

Following the listing of Resource Library articles and essays is the heading "TFAO references." Periodically TFAO conducts keyword searches from the Resource Library homepage relating to this topic. The count of pages within Resource Library citing the keywords indicates breadth of coverage in Resource Library for this topic. We recommend that researchers always search within Resource Library for additional material. Please see TFAO's page How to research topics not listed for more information.

After "TFAO references" are links to online resources found outside the TFAO website. Online resources are gathered from TFAO catalogues. Following online resources is information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles. Our goal is to present complete knowledge relating to this section of Topics in American Art.

TFAO welcomes volunteers to further the broadening of knowledge related to this topic. To learn more about TFAO's many volunteer opportunities please click here. Volunteers are welcome to contribute suggestions for additional content in this catalogue. Please see Catalogue and database management for details.

 

Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order:

 

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TFAO references:

A 5/20/11 search within the TFAO Digital Library retrieved 973 references to the word "Impressionism." Also as of 5/20/11 the TFAO Digital Library contained 226 references to the related word "Barbizon." Barbizon painters were French artists that were precursors to American impressionist painters.

 

and also from the Web:

Abbeville Press (look in subject categories for "American Art," "Art History" and "Artist Monographs." Go to "Sample Contents" for: American Impressionism, Second Edition (Table of Contents, Text Excerpt, Interior Images); Bernhard Gutmann An American Impressionist (Table of Contents, Text Excerpt [Indroduction] Interior Images); California Impressionism (Table of Contents, Text Excerpt [In Praise of Nature by Will South], Interior Images); Childe Hassam, Impressionist (Table of Contents, Text Excerpt, Interior Images, 23 page PDF excerpt); Impressionist New York (Table of Contents, Text Excerpt [Indroduction], Interior Images)
 
Amazon.com sells a great many of the American art books in print. Amazon has a feature that allows people on the Web to read text inside books. To use this feature, search in "books," then enter title of book. When book is selected go to "look inside" and read sample pages of the book selected, which may include color images of the front cover, front flap, table of contents, excerpt such as the introduction chapter, alphabetical index, back flap and back cover. Also, some books have a word search feature, which enables registered individuals to search inside the books and pull up individual pages containing the selected words. [Click here for more on Amazon.com's project and other digitizing initiatives.] See the following books: American Impressionism, 2nd Edition by William H. Gerdts (includes excerpt); Bernhard Gutmann: An American Impressionist, 1869-1936 by Percy North; California Impressionism by William H. Gerdts; Childe Hassam: American Impressionist by Ulrich W. Hiesinger (includes excerpt); Childe Hassam: Impressionist by Warren Adelson (includes excerpt); Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, The by Susan G. Larkin; Frederick Carl Frieseke : The Evolution of an American Impressionist by Nicholas Kilmer (Author), David Sellin (Author), Barbara H. Weinberg (Author), Virginia M. Mecklenburg (Author), Linda McWhorter (Editor); Impressionist New York by William H. Gerdts (includes excerpt); John Henry Twachtman: An American Impressionist by Lisa N. Peters; Minnesota Impressionists by Rena Neumann Coen ,William H. Gerdts
 
American Impressionism, by H. Barbara Weinberg from the Timeline of Art History section of the Metropolitan Museum of Art website
 
Anna Richards Brewster, American Impressionist from Fresno Metropolitan Museum
 
Divided Light and Color: American Impressionist Landscapes, an exhibit held October 29, 2011 - January 29, 2012 at the Bruce Museum. From the Bruce Museum. Accessed May, 2014
 
Giverny, an American Impression from giverny.org
 
California Impressionism, By Katja Zigerlig from CollectorsWorld
 
Impressionism-American from AskArt.
 
Impressionism Before 1940 by Lonnie Pierson Dunbier, from AskArt
 
Metropolitan Museum of Art's MetPublications, an online resource that offers in-depth access to the Museum's print and online publications, covering art, art history, archaeology, conservation, and collecting.includes the following titles available for.pdf download:American Impressionist and Realist Paintings and Drawings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond J. Horowitz; Howat, John K., and Dianne H. Pilgrim (1973); American Impressionism and Realism: The Painting of Modern Life, 1885-1915; Weinberg, H. Barbara, Doreen Bolger, and David Park Curry (1994)
 
Impressions of Interiors: Gilded Age Paintings by Walter Gay, an exhibit held January 29 - April 21, 2013 at the Henry Morrison Flagler Museum. Includes press reviews. Note: This website does not provide URLs for past exhibits. Accessed October, 2014
 
Sandzén in Colorado, an exhibit held Oct. 1, 2011- Jan. 8, 2012 at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center. Includes 5:58 video from the Topeka Library: "What's So Special About Birger Sandzén?" plus press coverage. Accessed 8/14
 
Weir Farm: Home of an American Impressionist from National Park Service
 
Endorphin Productions is a video news magazine based on the Monterey Peninsula in California. Curator Deborah Epstein Solon narrates a video on the exhibition "In and Out of California, Travels of American Impressionists" held at the Monterey Museum of Art and the Laguna Art Museum. [4 minutes, 41 seconds]
 

Amazon.com has a feature that allows people on the Web to read text inside books. To use this feature, search in "books," entering title of a book or other keywords. When a book is retrieved it may have the "Search Inside" feature allowing the readere to read sample pages of the book selected, which may include color images of the front cover, front flap, table of contents, excerpt such as the introduction chapter, alphabetical index, back flap and back cover. Also, some books have a word search feature, which enables registered individuals to search inside the books and pull up individual pages containing the selected words.

An Amazon.com search within "books" conducted March 24, 2008 located 260 pages with the search phrase "American Impressionism." Many of the books offer a "Search Inside" feature.

See the following books: American Impressionism, 2nd Edition by William H. Gerdts (includes excerpt); Bernhard Gutmann: An American Impressionist, 1869-1936 by Percy North; California Impressionism by William H. Gerdts; Childe Hassam: American Impressionist by Ulrich W. Hiesinger (includes excerpt); Childe Hassam: Impressionist by Warren Adelson (includes excerpt); Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, The by Susan G. Larkin; Frederick Carl Frieseke : The Evolution of an American Impressionist by Nicholas Kilmer (Author), David Sellin (Author), Barbara H. Weinberg (Author), Virginia M. Mecklenburg (Author), Linda McWhorter (Editor); Impressionist New York by William H. Gerdts (includes excerpt); John Henry Twachtman: An American Impressionist by Lisa N. Peters; Minnesota Impressionists by Rena Neumann Coen ,William H. Gerdts

American Impressionism (Second Edition), Published 2004, ISBN: 978-0-7892-0737-1, (online book excerpt from Abbeville Press) (right: catalogue front cover courtesy Abbeville Press)

Google announced in 2004 a collaboration with institutional libraries to digitize large quantities of books: the Google Books Library Project. Public domain books are available on an open access basis with full view. Copyrighted material is treated in one of three ways. Google negotiates with cooperating publishers through its Google Books Partner Program for "Limited Preview" of entire pages or sections within books by readers. For scanned books without copyright permissions, "snippets" are available. For remaining books basic information is provided without ability to search within the book. The snippets inform readers about the relevance of the book to their subject of inquiry.

A Google Book Search conducted April 26, 2008 located 264 books featuring either full view or limited view with the search phrase "American impressionism" Books with "Limited Preview" include:

Pennsylvania Impressionism, By Brian H. Peterson, William H. Gerdts, Sylvia Yount. Published 2002 by University of Pennsylvania Press. 340 pages. ISBN:0812237005. From the book jacket: ""Pennsylvania impressionist paintings are now widely collected, and numerous works in private hands are shown here, as are selections from the holdings of the James A. Michener Art Museum, which has the most extensive public collection. The book is lavishly illustrated with 369 color reproductions, and includes biographies of eighty-four artists, many never before published. The history of the Bucks County art colony is explored by Brian H. Peterson, who also suggests new ways of understanding the art and artists who made their home in the area. Sylvia Yount eloquently weaves together the historic foundations of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and its impact on the Pennsylvania impressionists. Noted art historian William H. Gerdts provides a comprehensive study of the art colony movement and its roots, and includes a comprehensive bibliography on that bygone era." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (left: front cover, Pennsylvania Impressionism, image courtesy Google Books)

An American Impressionist: The Art and Life of Alson Skinner Clark, By Deborah Epstein Solon, Pasadena Museum of California Art, Gibbs Museum (Charleston, S.C.) Contributor William H. Gerdts. Published 2005 by Hudson Hills. 149 pages.ISBN:1555952445. Google Books says: "This publication coincides with the first full-scale museum retrospective on Clark by the Pasadena Museum of California Art." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (right: front cover, An American Impressionist: The Art and Life of Alson Skinner Clark, image courtesy Google Books)

The Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, By Susan G. Larkin, National Academy of Design (U.S.), Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Denver Art Museum. Published 2001 by Yale University Press. 246 pages. ISBN:0300088523. Google Books says: "What Argenteuil in the 1870s was to French Impressionists, Cos Cob between 1890 and 1920 was to American Impressionists Childe Hassam, Theodore Robinson, John Twachtman, J. Alden Weir, and their followers. These artists and writers came together to work in the modest Cos Cob section of Greenwich, Connecticut, testing new styles and new themes in the stimulating company of colleagues. This beautiful book is the first to examine the art colony at Cos Cob and the role it played in the development of American Impressionist art.During the art-colony period, says Susan Larkin, Greenwich was changing from a farming and fishing community to a prosperous suburb of New York. The artists who gathered in Cos Cob produced work that reflects the resulting tensions between tradition and modernity, nature and technology, and country and city. The artists' preferred subjects -- colonial architecture, quiet landscapes, contemplative women -- held a complex significance for them, which Larkin explores. Drawing on maritime history, garden design, women's studies, and more, she places the art colony in its cultural and historical context and reveals unexpected depth in paintings of enormous popular appeal." Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here.(left: front cover, The Cos Cob Art Colony: Impressionists on the Connecticut Shore, image courtesy Google Books)

In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists, By Deborah Epstein Solon, Will South. 151 pages. ISBN:1555952259. Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book including biographies of the artists. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (right: front cover, In and Out of California: Travels of American Impressionists, image courtesy Google Books)

American Impressionist Paintings: in the Collection of the Florence Griswold Museum, By Florence Griswold Museum. Published 2004 by Courier Dover Publications. 16 pages. ISBN:0486435717. Google Books says: "Once the center of the largest and best-known Impressionist art colony in America, the Florence Griswold home in Old Lyme, Connecticut, is still renowned for its collections of Impressionist paintings. This handsome card collection showcases the work of 24 of these artists, among them Edward C. Volkert, John Henry Twachtman, Lilian Westcott Hale, Willard Metcalf, Childe Hassam, Charles H. Davis, and Henry Ward Ranger. Ideal for sending messages to friends and art lovers, these charming cards can also be framed or added to a personal collection. Introduction. Notes" Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here. (left: front cover, American Impressionist Paintings: in the Collection of the Florence Griswold Museum, image courtesy Google Books)

 

TFAO also suggests these books:

Separate Realities: Developments in California Representational Painting and Sculpture, an Exhibition Organized by the Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park, September 19 Through October 21, 1973, By Laurence Dreiband, Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Virginia Ernst Kazor. Published by The Gallery, 1973

 

TFAO suggests these DVD or VHS videos:

American Impressionism is a lecture by Dr. William Gerdts, available through Currier Museum of Art.

American Impressionists, American Realists: In Search of the New Contrasts two movements in American painting styles that flourished from the late 19th century into the beginning of the 20th century. 22-minute video Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center.

American Impressionist: Richard Earl Thompson is a Finley-Holiday Fine Arts Series video narrated by Patricia Pierce.

American Impressionist: William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock, An is a 26 minute 1987 DVD from the National Gallery of Art, with a viewer's guide. A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916) The narration is by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art. This DVD is lent free of charge through the National Gallery of Art's Division of Education (go to NGA Loan Materials Finder) This video is alternately named William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock. This program is also available in the DVD collection: American Art, 1785­1926: Seven Artist Profiles. "A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916), beginning with his student days in Munich and early career in New York City. Highlights his years at Shinnecock, Long Island, New York, where the artist established the first important outdoor summer school of art in the United States in 1891. Interweaves images of Chase's paintings and archival photographs with footage of the hills and beaches of Shinnecock and of Chase's house and studio as they are today. Hosted by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Curator's Comments: Nicely filmed homage to the artist, illustrating his life through his paintings. More a scenic catalogue than a detailed study of Chase's work but will appeal to general audiences." Text courtesy of Library Media Project, Chicago, IL

Cassatt: Portrait of an artist, 30 minutes, collection of Joslyn Art Museum

Children of Mary Cassatt is a 10 minute video featuring Mary Cassatt, who was one of America's greatest impressionists. She exhibited with them as an equal. But her paintings of children are peerless and unique. She alone reinvigorated the image of Madonna and Child, updating it in a modern idiom.

Great Women Artists: Mary Cassat is a 45-minute video released in 2001 by Kultur Video. "Children and naturalism are the hallmarks of Mary Cassatt's work during the 1880's and 1890's. She absorbed from her Impressionist colleagues Caillebotte, Degas, and Renoir, as well as her study of Japanese prints, the modern idea that the background of a painting might be as significant as the foreground. Her paintings depict a world of her own creation, one that adults can fully understand only by recapturing their childhood persona." From the Back Cover: "Georgia O'Keeffe was an American abstract painter, famous for the purity and lucidity of her still-life compositions. In 1916 the American photographer and art gallery director Alfred Stieglitz (whom she married in 1924) became interested in her abstract drawings and exhibited them at his gallery in New York City and in other important institutions. O'Keeffe moved to New Mexico in 1949, and is best known for her large paintings of desert flowers and scenery, in which single blossoms or objects such as a cow's skull are presented in close-up views. ASIN: B00005ASQZ

Guy Rose: American Impressionist, by Robert Boudreaux, produced in conjunction with the retrospective exhibition in 1995 by The Oakland Museum of California and The Irvine Museum. The video is 26 minutes in length and is available from the sponsoring museums.

In Open Air: A Portrait of the American Impressionists Captures the essence of the Impressionist movement in America, a pivotal period in American art from 1880--1915. With the pace of life quickening at the end of the nineteenth century, painters were seeking new ways to look at and preserve traditional American scenes that were rapidly disappearing--stone fences, open countryside, picturesque settings. These tranquil images were painted outside, in open air. The program features some of the finest Impressionist paintings created during this period and travels to favored locales that inspired the artists' work. It explores the influence of the French Impressionists and reveals how the American painters developed their own painting styles. 28-minute video.

John Singer Sargent: Outside the Frame is a 57 minute 1999 Jackson Frost television documentary produced by WETA-TV, Washington, filmed in high-definition format, and narrated by Jacqueline Bisset. As the foremost portraitist of his time, Sargent exquisitely captured in oil and watercolor the spirit of the Gilded Age. This close look at his work reveals much more than the faces of the wealthy. Emmy winner, Jackson Frost, reexamines Sargent's creations including landscapes, figures, and murals and highlights the paintings El Jaleo, Madame X, Carnation, Lily and others. At the height of his career, Sargent was the most admired portraitist in England and America, but he was dismissed after his death as merely a commercial artist. Distributed by Home Vision . ASIN: 0780023064

Mary Cassatt: A Brush with Independence is a 57 minute 2002 documentary video from Home Vision Entertainment produced and directed by Emmy®-winner Jackson Frost and narrated by actress Anne Archer. This television documentary covers the life and work of the bold artist who was the only American invited to show her work in the celebrated Impressionist exhibitions of Paris. Going beyond Cassatt's formal importance and stylistic influence, the program also looks at her work for women's suffrage and other important issues of her time. Based on the popular exhibition organized by the Art Institute of Chicago in collaboration with Boston's Museum of Fine Arts and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. VHS/ DVD. ISBN:  0-7800-2487-7

Mary Cassatt: American Impressionist. Actress Amy Brenneman stars as Mary Cassatt in this 60 minute 1999 family telefilm from HBO's The Artists' Series. Cassatt's life in Paris changes dramatically when her brother's children come for a visit. A fine entry point for kids to begin an exploration of the arts.

Mary Cassatt, Impressionist from Philadelphia is a 1975 WNET program from The Originals, Momen in Art series which focuses on the life and work of Impressionist painter Mary Cassatt. Profiles American artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926). Recounts the influence of her upper-class Philadelphia family and her years in Paris, where she studied and painted alongside Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, and Camille Pissarro. Dramatizes an episode in the life of artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) during the time she was in Paris when her brother and his children arrive. She finds herself inspired by the children, using them as models. 28-minute video. Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center

William Merritt Chase at Shinnecock is a 26 minute 1987 video from the National Gallery of Art. A survey of the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849-1916) The narration is by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., curator at the National Gallery of Art.

"The film highlights W. M. Chase's years at Shinnecock, on Long Island, NY, where in 1891 the artist established the first important outdoor summer school of art in America. Images of Chase's paintings and archival photographs--many of the artist's studios--are combined with footage of the hills and beaches at Shinnecock and of Chase's house and studio as they are today." (text courtesy Georgia Museum of Art)

"Surveys the life and work of American painter William Merritt Chase (1849--1916), beginning with his student days in Munich and early career in New York City. " Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center

TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos. Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in TFAO's Videos -DVD/VHS, an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format

 

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