Editor's note: The Art Institute of Chicago provided source material to Resource Library for the following article. If you have questions or comments regarding the source material, please contact the Art Institute of Chicago directly through either this phone number or web address:
Ethel Stein, Master Weaver
June 13 - November 9, 2014
Ethel Stein is an artist who only now, at the age of 96, is beginning to get the recognition she deserves from the broader public. She has never been overly concerned with promoting or marketing her work, and she has tended to lean "counter-trend," as textile designer Jack Lenor Larsen has aptly put it, creating squares of quiet pattern to be placed on walls at a time when other textile artists were emphasizing the sculptural potential of fiber by working in three dimensions. Produced on a drawloom -- a type of handloom that incorporates a figure harness capable of controlling each warp thread separately -- her work seems deceptively simple, but as one understands the mysteries and complexities of this weaving method historically favored for creating figured textiles, the sophistication and challenge of her work become undeniable.
Stein's great contribution to weaving is her unique combination of refined traditional weaving techniques, possible only on a drawloom and used by few contemporary weavers, with modernist sensibilities influenced by Josef Albers, who trained in the German Bauhaus with its emphasis on simplicity, order, functionality, and modesty. Over the years she has favored three particular structures with strong historical traditions -- damask, double-cloth, and lampas?and it is due to the flexibility of the drawloom that her work appears so refreshingly uncomplicated.
This Art Institute of Chicago exhibition, presented in the newly reopened textiles galleries comprised of the Agnes Allerton Gallery and the Elizabeth F. Cheney Gallery, presents drawloom weavings executed by the artist from 1982 through 2008. All works are either already in the collection of the Art Institute or have been promised as gifts. The retrospective installation celebrates in particular Ethel Stein's generous donation of 34 of her own works two years ago, as well as Leanne Lachman's promised gift of four additional pieces, which help fill out the picture of Stein's impressive career. These 38 weavings join a work in five parts, woven in 1982, that came into the collection in 1985, courtesy of the Nicole Williams Contemporary Textile Fund.
Ethel Stein, Master Weaver is on view at the Art Institute of Chicago from June 13 through November 9, 2014.
To view the checklist for the exhibition please click here.
(above: Ethel Stein. The Three Graces, 1995. The Art Institute of Chicago. Gift of Ethel Stein. © Ethel Stein.)
(above: Ethel Stein. Portrait, 1999. The Art Institute of Chicago. Gift of Ethel Stein. © Ethel Stein.)
(above: Ethel Stein. Moon Wall, 2008. The Art Institute of Chicago. Gift of Ethel Stein. © Ethel Stein.)
Editor's note: RL readers may also enjoy:
Read more articles and essays concerning this institutional source by visiting the sub-index page for the Art Institute of Chicago in Resource Library.
Search Resource Library for thousands of articles and essays on American art.
Copyright 2014 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.