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Pop Art and Beyond: Tom Wesselmann
April 6, 2013 - July 28, 2013
American artist Tom Wesselmann (1931-2004) is one of the leading figures in the American Pop Art movement with a career spanning more than four decades. The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts is exhibiting from April 6 through July 28, 2013 the first comprehensive North American retrospective of Wesselmann's work. VMFA is the only East Coast venue for this exhibition.
Wesselmann and his contemporaries -- Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and James Rosenquist -- forged the Pop Art movement by creating large scale, dynamic compositions, experimenting with new media, and using images from everyday popular culture. Humor, sensuality, and innovation were common elements of the Pop Art movement.
Made famous by his Great American Nudes, Wesselmann reinterpreted the history of art and past definitions of beauty, seeking to canonize a new American beauty in bold color. Wesselmann continued to reinvent himself and produce highly original work long after the Pop Art movement peaked.
The exhibition will feature additional works from the artist's most significant series, including his earliest metal pieces using laser steel-cutting, abstract collages, and innovative still lifes. Some of the objects included in the exhibition have never before been publicly exhibited. VMFA's permanent collection already includes two major Wesselmann paintings.
"The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts has never hosted such a large scale exhibition of Pop Art," Director Alex Nyerges said. "Some of Wesselmann's works are massive, and our 12,000 square foot special exhibition galleries will perfectly showcase this important retrospective. Virginians are very familiar with this movement because of our rich Sydney and Frances Lewis Collection of mid to late 20th century art."
Nathalie Bondil, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts' director and chief curator said, "This retrospective demonstrates that Tom Wesselmann's work should not be viewed with a 'literal' focus but rather a 'literary' one -- to paraphrase the artist. Like others of the Pop generation, he thought of his art as a re-reading of art history. His complex way of playing with the intensity of his images, making them jostle with each other, reveals the great intellectual effort that went into their making. The obsessive concern with contrast is an interesting aspect of his oeuvre, as he plays with the ambiguity of the subject to emphasize the form and vice versa."
Organized chronologically, the exhibition follows the development of Wesselmann's work, series by series, from the earliest abstract collages to the Great American Nudes and still lifes of his Pop period, to the cut-steel drawings and Sunset Nudes of his late work. The exhibition will also investigate the ways in which the works of Titian, Goya, Manet and, most importantly, Matisse, inspired Wesselmann in his exploration of beauty, history, and popular culture.
This exhibition was initiated and produced by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA), under the direction of Director and Chief Curator Nathalie Bondil and the curators, Curator of Contemporary Art Stéphane Aquin, MMFA, and art historian Marco Livingstone, London. ·The VMFA coordinating curator is John B. Ravenal, Sydney and Frances Lewis Family Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art
The exhibition loans come from a wide variety of leading public and private collections, including: Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; the Philadelphia Museum of Art; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts; Mugrabi Collection; Berardo Collection; Robert B. Mayer Family Collection, Chicago; Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation, Los Angeles, as well as from the Estate of Tom Wesselmann, New York.
Pop Art and Beyond: Tom Wesselmann is organized by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts with the full support of the Estate of Tom Wesselmann, New York. There are Approximately 150 objects in the exhibition.
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts has published, in both English and French, a major 204-page catalogue under the general editorship of Stéphane Aquin Curator of Contemporary Art, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Tom Wesselmann examines the work of Tom Wesselmann alongside Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol, and sheds new light on his distinctive contributions to art history. He explored a variety of techniques including collage, painting, bas-relief, still lifes, laser-cut landscapes, and three-dimensional nudes. Wesselmann's forceful compositions exude cool objectification and rich sensuality, and exemplify the shift in cultural paradigms, between the old world and the new that began in the 1960s. While famous for his Great American Nude series and still lifes of the early 1960s, Wesselmann also wrote country music. Including scholarly essays and numerous illustrations, this monograph reveals the astonishing visual impact and superb aesthetic quality of Wesselmann's work.
Programs include an opening talk about the exhibition by Stéphane Aquin, Montreal Museum of Art's curator on April 18; the preschool program Young @ Art: Pop Goes the Artist featuring a story and art activity on Tuesdays and Thursdays in April; the youth program After-School Art Club: Pop Art Prints on April 18; Writing in the Galleries: Writing by Design on May 7; Wesselmann 101 on May 16, and Saturdays in the Studio: Pop Art Studio on May 18.
In addition, Wesselmann's wife, Claire, and Jeffrey Sturges, the Wesselmann studio manager, will host a discussion after the film Tom Wesselmann: I Only Want to Paint (2010) on June 7. Sturges will also host a free talk about Wesselmann's innovations on June 8.
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and biographical information on artists cited in this article in America's Distinguished Artists, a national registry of historic artists.
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